Japan: Emperors: 1392-2016

Each ruler is recorded under the personal name and the dates of the reign; the other entries follow the definitions in the Notes.
Tennō
19 Nov 1392 - 5 Oct 1412 Motohito [1]
  posthumous name: Go-Komatsu-tennō
  era name: 19 Nov 1392 - 2 Aug 1394 Meitoku [2]
  era name: 2 Aug 1394 - 10 Jun 1428 Ōei
5 Oct 1412 - 30 Aug 1428 Mihito (alternative reading: Sanehito) [3]
  posthumous name: Shōkō-tennō
  era name: 10 Jun 1428 - 3 Oct 1429 Shōchō
7 Sep 1428 - 21 Aug 1464 Hikohito
  posthumous name: Go-Hanazono-tennō, posthumous by-name: Go-Montoku-in
  era name: 3 Oct 1429 - 10 Mar 1441 Eikyō
  era name: 10 Mar 1441 - 23 Feb 1444 Kakitsu
  era name: 23 Feb 1444 - 16 Aug 1449 Bun'an (alternative reading: Bunnan)
  era name: 16 Aug 1449 - 10 Aug 1452 Hōtoku
  era name: 10 Aug 1452 - 6 Sep 1455 Kyōtoku
  era name: 6 Sep 1455 - 16 Oct 1457 Kōshō
  era name: 16 Oct 1457 - 1 Feb 1461 Chōroku
  era name: 1 Feb 1461 - 14 Mar 1466 Kanshō (alternative reading: Kansei)
21 Aug 1464 - 21 Oct 1500 Fusahito (alternative reading: Narihito)
  posthumous name: Go-Tsuchimikado-tennō
  era name: 14 Mar 1466 - 9 Apr 1467 Bunshō
  era name: 9 Apr 1467 - 8 Jun 1469 Ōnin
  era name: 8 Jun 1469 - 9 Aug 1487 Bunmei
  era name: 9 Aug 1487 - 16 Sep 1489 Chōkyō
  era name: 16 Sep 1489 - 12 Aug 1492 Entoku
  era name: 12 Aug 1492 - 18 Mar 1501 Meiō
16 Nov 1500 - 18 May 1526 Katsuhito
  posthumous name: Go-Kashiwabara-tennō
  era name: 18 Mar 1501 - 16 Mar 1504 Bunki
  era name: 16 Mar 1504 - 23 Sep 1521 Eishō
  era name: 23 Sep 1521 - 3 Sep 1528 Taiei (alternative reading: Daiei)
9 Jun 1526 - 27 Sep 1557 Tomohito
  posthumous name: Go-Nara-tennō
  era name: 3 Sep 1528 - 29 Aug 1532 Kyōroku
  era name: 29 Aug 1532 - 7 Nov 1555 Tenmon (alternative reading: Tenbun)
  era name: 7 Nov 1555 - 18 Mar 1558 Kōji
17 Nov 1557 - 17 Dec 1586 Michihito (alternative readings: Katahito, Shigehito)
  posthumous name: Ōgimachi-tennō
  era name: 18 Mar 1558 - 27 May 1570 Eiroku
  era name: 27 May 1570 - 25 Aug 1573 Genki
  era name: 25 Aug 1573 - 10 Jan 1593 Tenshō
17 Dec 1586 - 9 May 1611 Katahito (alternative reading: Chikahito)
  alias: Kazuhito (alternative readings: Masahito, Chikahito)
  posthumous name: Go-Yōzei-tennō
  era name: 10 Jan 1593 - 16 Dec 1596 Bunroku
  era name: 16 Dec 1596 - 5 Sep 1615 Keichō (alternative reading: Kyōchō)
9 May 1611 - 22 Dec 1629 Kotohito (alternative readings: Tadahito, Masahito)
  posthumous name: Go-Mizuno-o-tennō
  era name: 5 Sep 1615 - 17 Apr 1624 Genna (alternative reading: Genwa)
  era name: 17 Apr 1624 - 13 Jan 1645 Kan'ei (alternative reading: Kannei)
22 Dec 1629 - 14 Nov 1643 Okiko
  palace name: Kazu-no-miya
  posthumous name: Meishō-tennō (alternative readings: Myōshō-tennō, Myōjō-tennō)
14 Nov 1643 - 30 Oct 1654 Tsuguhito
  palace name: Suga-no-miya
  posthumous name: Go-Kōmyō-tennō
  era name: 13 Jan 1645 - 7 Apr 1648 Shōhō (alternative reading: Shōho)
  era name: 7 Apr 1648 - 20 Oct 1652 Keian (alternative reading: Kyōan)
  era name: 20 Oct 1652 - 18 May 1655 Jō-ō (alternative reading: Shō-ō)
5 Jan 1655 - 5 Mar 1663 Nagahito (alternative reading: Yoshihito)
  palace name: Hide-no-miya
  posthumous name: Go-Sai-in-tennō
  era name: 18 May 1655 - 21 Aug 1658 Meireki (alternative reading: Meiryaku)
  era name: 21 Aug 1658 - 23 May 1661 Manji
  era name: 23 May 1661 - 30 Oct 1673 Kanbun
5 Mar 1663 - 2 May 1687 Satohito
  palace name: Ate-no-miya
  posthumous name: Reigen-tennō
  era name: 30 Oct 1673 - 9 Nov 1681 Enpō
  era name: 9 Nov 1681 - 5 Apr 1684 Tenna (alternative reading: Tenwa)
  era name: 5 Apr 1684 - 23 Oct 1688 Jōkyō (alternative readings: Chōkyō, Teikyō)
2 May 1687 - 27 Jul 1709 Asahito (alternative reading: Tomohito)
  palace name: Go-no-miya
  posthumous name: Higashiyama-tennō
  era name: 23 Oct 1688 - 16 Apr 1704 Genroku
  era name: 16 Apr 1704 - 11 Jun 1711 Hōei
27 Jul 1709 - 13 Apr 1735 Yasuhito (alternative reading: Yoshihito)
  palace name: Masu-no-miya
  posthumous name: Nakamikado-tennō
  era name: 11 Jun 1711 - 9 Aug 1716 Shōtoku
  era name: 9 Aug 1716 - 7 Jun 1736 Kyōhō (alternative reading: Kyōho)
13 Apr 1735 - 9 Jun 1747 Teruhito (alternative reading: Akihito)
  palace name: Waka-no-miya
  posthumous name: Sakuramachi-tennō
  era name: 7 Jun 1736 - 12 Apr 1741 Genbun
  era name: 12 Apr 1741 - 3 Apr 1744 Kanpo (alternative reading: Kanpō)
  era name: 3 Apr 1744 - 5 Aug 1748 Enkyō
9 Jun 1747 - 31 Aug 1762 Tōhito
  palace name: Yaho-no-miya (changed to: Sachi-no-miya)
  posthumous name: Momozono-tennō
  era name: 5 Aug 1748 - 14 Dec 1751 Kan'en (alternative reading: Kannen)
  era name: 14 Dec 1751 - 30 Jun 1764 Hōreki (alternative reading: Hōryaku)
15 Sep 1762 - 9 Jan 1771 Toshiko (alternative reading: Satoko)
  palace name: Isa-no-miya (changed to: Aya-no-miya)
  posthumous name: Go-Sakuramachi-tennō
  era name: 30 Jun 1764 - 10 Dec 1772 Meiwa
9 Jan 1771 - 6 Dec 1779 Hidehito
  posthumous name: Go-Momozono-tennō
  era name: 10 Dec 1772 - 25 Apr 1781 An'ei
1 Jan 1780 - 7 May 1817 Tomohito (alternative reading: Kanehito) [4]
  palace name: Sachi-no-miya (changed to: Kan'in-no-miya)
  posthumous name: Kōkaku-tennō
  era name: 25 Apr 1781 - 19 Feb 1789 Tenmei
  era name: 19 Feb 1789 - 19 Mar 1801 Kansei
  era name: 19 Mar 1801 - 22 Mar 1804 Kyōwa
  era name: 22 Mar 1804 - 26 May 1818 Bunka
7 May 1817 - 21 Feb 1846 Ayahito
  alias: Munehito
  palace name: Yuta-no-miya
  posthumous name: Ninkō-tennō
  era name: 26 May 1818 - 23 Jan 1831 Bunsei
  era name: 23 Jan 1831 - 9 Jan 1845 Tenpō (alternative reading: Tenpo)
  era name: 9 Jan 1845 - 1 Apr 1848 Kōka
10 Mar 1846 - 30 Jan 1867 Osahito (alternative reading: Norihito)
  palace name: Hiro-no-miya
  posthumous name: Kōmei-tennō
  era name: 1 Apr 1848 - 15 Jan 1855 Kaei
  era name: 15 Jan 1855 - 8 Apr 1860 Ansei
  era name: 8 Apr 1860 - 29 Mar 1861 Man'en
  era name: 29 Mar 1861 - 27 Mar 1864 Bunkyū
  era name: 27 Mar 1864 - 1 May 1865 Genji (alternative reading: Ganji)
  era name: 1 May 1865 - 23 Oct 1868 Keiō
Dai Nippon Teikoku Tennō (from 29 Nov 1890)
13 Feb 1867 - 30 Jul 1912 Mutsuhito
  palace name: Sachi-no-miya (alternative reading: Suke-no-miya)
  posthumous name: Meiji-tennō
  era name: 23 Oct 1868 - 30 Jul 1912 Meiji
30 Jul 1912 - 25 Dec 1926 Yoshihito
  palace name: Haru-no-miya
  posthumous name: Taishō-tennō
  era name: 30 Jul 1912 - 25 Dec 1926 Taishō
Nippon Koku Tennō (from 3 May 1947)
25 Dec 1926 - 7 Jan 1989 Hirohito
  palace name: Michi-no-miya
  posthumous name: Shōwa-tennō
  era name: 25 Dec 1926 - 8 Jan 1989 Shōwa
7 Jan 1989 - Akihito
  palace name: Tsugu-no-miya
  era name: 8 Jan 1989 - Heisei

[1] Tennō of the Northern Court from 24 May 1382.
[2] Era name decreed in the Northern Court 12 Apr 1390.
[3] "Mihito" is the same reading for two personal names of this ruler, different from each other in original writing.
[4] Original name: Morohito.
Last updated on: 07 Oct 2011 11:00:57