Iraq: Polity Style: 1920-2016

11 Nov 1920 creation of national government proclaimed by the High Commissioner for Iraq
11 Nov 1920 - 23 Aug 1921 al-‘Iraq
23 Aug 1923 ceremony of accession of a Malik al-‘Irāq in Baghdad
23 Aug 1921 - 14 Jul 1958 al-Mamlaka al-‘Irāqiyya
14 Jul 1958 proclamation of republic in a statement issued by commander-in-chief of the national armed forces
14 Jul 1958 - 1 Jun 1992 al-Jumhūriyya al-‘Irāqiyya
1 Jun 1992 law No. 460 on the change of the state name in the Constitution and its amendments becomes effective upon publication in the Official Gazette 1 Jun 1992
1 Jun 1992 - 9 Apr 2003 Jumhūriyyat al-‘Irāq
9 Apr 2003 polity disintegrates upon the occupation of the seat of government by alien military forces
9 Apr 2003 - 28 Jun 2004 Iraq = al-‘Iraq (under occupation) [1]
28 Jun 2004 transfer of sovereignty to national administration
28 Jun 2004 - Jumhūriyyat al-‘Irāq = Komara Íraqé [2]

[1] Occupation authorities do not follow any consistent practice referring to the polity as Iraq and Republic of Iraq in English documentation (translated into Arabic as al-‘Iraq and Jumhūriyyat al-‘Irāq respectively).
[2] The Law of Administration for the State of Iraq for the Transitional Period (effective 28 Jun 2004 - 22 May 2006) refers to the polity as al-Dawla al-‘Irāqiyya and Dawlat al-‘Irāq.
Last updated on: 03 Apr 2010 00:59:03