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Iran: Heads of State: 1773-1979

Royal House: Zandiyyān (Clan: Zand Bagala)
Wakīl al-Ra‘āyā
? ? 1773 - 1 Mar 1779 Muḥammad Karīm Khān bin Īnāq Zand
6 Mar 1779 - ? ? 1779 Abū al-Fatḥ Khān bin Muḥammad Karīm Khān Zand
6 Mar 1779 - 19 Jun 1779 Muḥammad ‘Alī Khān bin Muḥammad Karīm Khān Zand
19 Jun 1779 - 22 Aug 1779 Abū al-Fatḥ Khān bin Muḥammad Karīm Khān Zand (x)
22 Aug 1779 - 14 Mar 1781 Muḥammad Ṣādiq Khān bin Īnāq Zand [1]
15 Mar 1781 - 11 Feb 1785 ‘Alī Murād Khān bin Qayṭas Khān Zand [1][2]
12 Feb 1785 - 17 Feb 1785 Bāqir Khān Khurāsakānī [1][3]
18 Feb 1785 - 23 Jan 1789 Ja‘far Khān bin Muḥammad Ṣādiq Khān Zand [1]
23 Jan 1789 - 10 May 1789 Ṣayd Murād Khān bin Khudā Murād Khān Zand [2]
10 May 1789 - ? Mar 1794 Luṭf ‘Alī Khān bin Ja‘far Khān Zand
Shāhanshāh-i Īrān
? Mar 1794 - 30 Oct 1794 Luṭf ‘Alī Shāh (Luṭf ‘Alī Khān bin Ja‘far Khān Zand) (x)
Royal House: Qājāriyyān
???
? ? 1788 - ? Mar 1796 ĀqāMuḥammad Khān bin Muḥammad Ḥasan Khān Qājār
Shāh-i Īrān
? Mar 1796 - 17 Jun 1797 Muḥammad Shāh (Āqā Muḥammad Khān bin Muḥammad Ḥasan Khān Qājār) (x)
Shāhanshāh-i Īrān [4]
29 Jul 1797 - 24 Oct 1834 Fatḥ ‘Alī Shāh (Fatḥ ‘Alī Bābā Khān bin Ḥusayn Qulī Qājār)
9 Nov 1834 - 5 Sep 1848 Muḥammad Shāh (Muḥammad Mīrzā bin ‘Abbās Mīrzā Qājār) [5][6]
13 Sep 1848 - 1 May 1896 Nāṣir al-Dīn Shāh (Nāṣir al=Dīn Mīrzā bin Muḥammad Shāh Qājār)
? May 1896 - 8 Jan 1907 Muẓaffar al-Dīn Shāh (Muẓaffar al-Dīn Mīrzā bin Nāṣir al-Dīn Shāh Qājār)
8 Jan 1907 - 16 Jul 1909 Muḥammad ‘Alī Shāh (Muḥammad ‘Alī Mīrzā bin Muẓaffar al-Dīn Shāh Qājār)
16 Jul 1909 - 3 Oct 1925 Aḥmad Shāh (Sulṭān Aḥmad Mīrzā bin Muḥammad ‘Alī Shāh Qājār) [7]
Ra’īs-i Walat-i Muwaqqat-i Dawla
31 Oct 1925 - 15 Dec 1925 Riḍā Khān Pahlawī (Riḍā Khān bin ‘Abbās ‘Alī Khān)
Royal House: Pahlawī
Shāhanshāh-i Īrān
15 Dec 1925 - 16 Sep 1941 Riḍā Pahlawī Shāh (Riḍā Khān Pahlawī) (x) [8]
16 Sep 1941 - 11 Feb 1979 Muḥammad Riḍā Pahlawī Shāh (from 15 Sep 1965) Āryāmihr (Muḥammad Riḍā bin Riḍā Pahlawī Shāh)

[1] Shāhanshāh-i Īrān (in dissidence)
 
Royal House: Ṣafawiyyān
  ? ? 1780 - ? ? 1786 Abū al-Fatḥ Muḥammad Shāh
[2] Clan: Zand Hazāra
[3] Usurper
[4] In occasional official use: Pādshāh-i kull-i Mamālik-i Īrān
[5] 14 Nov 1834 - 16 Dec 1834 ‘Ādil ‘Alī Shāh (‘Alī Mīrzā bin Fatḥ ‘Alī Shāh Qājār Ẓill-i Sulṭān) (in Tehran, in dissidence)
[6] 5 Dec 1834 - 29 Mar 1835 Ḥusayn ‘Alī Shāh (Ḥusayn ‘Alī Mīrzā bin Fatḥ ‘Alī Shāh Qājār Farmān-Farmā) (in Shiraz, in dissidence)
[7] 17 Jun 1911 - ? Sep 1911 Muḥammad ‘Alī Shāh (x) (in dissidence)
[8] Posthumously (21 Jun 1949) granted epithet Kabīr
Last updated on: 01 Jul 2014 12:40:51