The accuracy of records appearing in this section was not entirely verified by editors and requires further research. Please contact us if you have any questions or would like to share information.

Iran: Heads of State: 1501-1773

Royal House: Ṣafawiyyān
Shāhanshāh-i Īrān [1]
Jul/Aug 1501 - 23 May 1524 Shāh Ismā‘īl I (Abū al-Muẓaffar Ismā‘īl bin Shaykh Sulṭān Ḥaydar bin Shaykh Junayd Ṣafawī)
23 May 1524 - 14 May 1576 Shāh Ṭahmāsb I (Abū al-Fatḥ Ṭahmāsb Mīrzā bin Shāh Ismā‘īl Ṣafawī)
14 May 1576 - 23 May 1576 Shāh Ḥaydar (Ḥaydar ‘Alī Mīrzā bin Shāh Ṭahmāsb Ṣafawī)
23 Mat 1576 - 24 Nov 1577 Shāh Ismā‘īl II (Ismā‘īl Mīrzā bin Shāh Ṭahmāsb Ṣafawī)
11 Feb 1578 - 1 Oct 1588 Sulṭān Muḥammad Shāh (Sulṭān Muḥammad Khudā-Banda Iskandar Mīrzā bin Shāh Ṭahmāsb Ṣafawī) [2]
1 Oct 1588 - 19 Jan 1629 Shāh ‘Abbās I Buzurg (‘Abbās Mīrzā bin Sulṭān Muḥammad Shāh Ṣafawī) (x)
28 Jan 1629 - 12 May 1642 Shāh Ṣafī I (Sām Mīrzā bin Muḥammad Bāqir Ṣafī Mīrzā Ṣafawī)
12 May 1642 - 25 Sep 1666 Shāh ‘Abbās II (Sulṭān Muḥammad Mīrzā bin Shāh Ṣafī Ṣafawī)
1 Nov 1666 - 29 Jul 1694 Shāh Ṣafī II (Ṣafī Mīrzā bin Shāh ‘Abbās Ṣafawī) [3]
6 Aug 1694 - 23 Oct 1722 Shāh Sulṭān Ḥusayn I (Sulṭān Ḥusayn Mīrzā bin Shāh Sulaymān Ṣafawī)
Royal House: Hūtak (Ghilzī)
23 Oct 1722 - 25 Apr 1725 Maḥmūd Shāh Ghilzāy (Maḥmūd bin Mīr Ways Hūtakī) [4]
26 Apr 1725 - 13 Nov 1729 Ashraf Shāh Ghilzāy (Ashraf bin ‘Abd al-‘Azīz Hūtakī) [4]
Royal House: Ṣafawiyyān
9 Dec 1729 - 2 Sep 1732 Shāh Ṭahmāsb II (Ṭahmāsb Mīrzā bin Shāh Sulṭān Ḥusayn Ṣafawī) (x)
2 Sep 1732 - 8 Mar 1736 Shāh ‘Abbās III (‘Abbās Mīrzā bin Shāh Ṭahmāsb Ṣafawī)
Royal House: Afshāriyyān (Qirqlū)
8 Mar 1736 - 20 Jun 1747 Nādir Shāh (Nadhr Qulī Beg bin Imām Qulī Beg; later Ṭahmāsb Qulī Khān)
6 Jul 1747 - 29 Sep 1748 ‘Ādil Shāh (‘Alī Qulī Khān bin Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Khān) [5]
8 Dec 1748 - ? May 1749 Ibrāhīm Shāh (Muḥammad ‘Alī Beg bin Muḥammad Ibrāhīm Khān)
? May 1749 - 30 Dec 1749 Ismā‘īl Shāhrukh Shāh (Ismā‘īl bin Riḍā Qulī Mīrzā) (x)
Royal House: Ṣafawiyyān-Mar‘ashī
13 Jan 1750 - 20 Mar 1750 Shāh Sulaymān II (Mīr Sayyid Muḥammad bin Mīrzā Muḥammad Dā’ūd al-Ḥusaynī Mar‘ashī)
Royal House: Afshāriyyān (Qirqlū)
? Jun 1750 - ? Jun 1750 Ismā‘īl Shāhrukh Shāh (Ismā‘īl bin Riḍā Qulī Mīrzā) (x)
Royal House: Ṣafawiyyān
29 Jun 1750 - ? ? 1773 Shāh Ismā‘īl III (Mīrzā Abū Turāb bin Mīrzā Sayyid Murtaḍā Ṣafawī) [6][7]

[1] In occasional official use: Pādshāh-i kull-i Mamālik-i Īrān
[2] ? Apr 1581 - ? May 1581 Shāh ‘Abbās I (‘Abbās Mīrzā bin Sulṭān Muḥammad Shāh Ṣafawī) (in dissidence)
[3] From 20 Mar 1668 Shāh Sulṭān Sulaymān I Ṣafī
[4] Shāhanshāh-i Īrān (in dissidence)
 
Royal House: Ṣafawiyyān
  10 Nov 1722 - 8 Nov 1726 Shāh Ṭahmāsb II (Ṭahmāsb Mīrzā bin Shāh Sulṭān Ḥusayn Ṣafawī)
 
Royal House: Ṣafawiyyān-Mar‘ashī
  8 Nov 1726 - ? Jul 1728 Shāh Aḥmad (Sayyid Aḥmad bin Abī al-Qāsim al-Ḥusaynī Mar‘ashī)
 
Royal House: Ṣafawiyyān
  ? Jul 1728 - 9 Dec 1729 Shāh Ṭahmāsb II (Ṭahmāsb Mīrzā bin Shāh Sulṭān Ḥusayn Ṣafawī) (x)
[5] 1 Oct 1748 - ? May 1749 Ismā‘ıl Shārukh Shāh (Ismā‘īl bin Riḍā Qulī Mīrzā) (in dissidence)
[6] ? ? 1753 - ? Jun 1753 Shāh Sulṭān Ḥusayn II (Sulṭān Muḥammad Ḥusayn bin Ṭahmāsb) (in dissidence)
[7] 9 May 1755 - 14 May 1796 Ismā‘īl Shāhrukh Shāh (Ismā‘īl bin Riḍā Qulī Mīrzā) (in dissidence, in Khorasan) (x)
Last updated on: 21 Jun 2013 03:09:10