Hungary: Polity Style: 1849-2016

14 Apr 1849 - 13 Aug 1849 Magyarország | Hungary
13 Aug 1849 - 16 Nov 1918 A Magyar Királyság | Hungarian Kingdom [1]
16 Nov 1918 proclamation of the Hungarian People's Republic in accordance with a resolution passed by the National Council 16 Nov 1918 (Official Gazette, No. 269, 23 Nov 1918, p. 1) [2]
16 Nov 1918 - 21 Mar 1919 A Magyar Népköztársaság | Hungarian People's Republic
21 Mar 1919 proclamation of the Hungarian Republic of Councils, meeting of the Budapest Workers' Council (Népszava, No. 69, 22 Mar 1919, pp. 3-4, 6)
21 Mar 1919 - 23 Jun 1919 A Magyar Tanácsköztársaság | Hungarian Soviet Republic [3]
23 Jun 1919 Constitution of the Socialist Federative Soviet Republic of Hungary is passed by the National Congress of Councils (Official Gazette, No. 78, 28 Jun 1919, pp. 1-4)
23 Jun 1919 - 1 Aug 1919 A Magyarországi Szocialista Szövetséges Tanácsköztársaság | Socialist Federative Soviet Republic of Hungary [3][4]
2 Aug 1919 name changed to Magyar Népköztársaság in accordance with an order issued by the government 2 Aug 1919 (Official Gazette, No. 109, 3 Aug 1919, p. 1) [5]
2 Aug 1919 - 6 Aug 1919 A Magyar Népköztársaság | Hungarian People's Republic [3]
7 Aug 1919 - 29 Feb 1920 Magyarország | Hungary [3][6]
29 Feb 1920 Law. No. I/1920 on the re-establishment of the Constitutional order takes effect on the date of promulgation in "Országos Törvénytár" as required by Art. 19 and Art. 20 of the cited law ("Országos Törvénytár", 29 Feb 1920; Official Gazette, No. 49, 29 Feb 1920, p. 1-2)
29 Feb 1920 - 28 Mar 1945 A Magyar Állam | Hungarian State [7][8]
21 Dec 1944 Provisional National Assembly (Az Ideiglenes Nemzetgyűlés) is convened in Debrecen (Provisional National Assembly Proceedings, 5)
21 Dec 1944 - 31 Jan 1946 Magyarország | Hungary
31 Jan 1946 name changed to Magyar Köztársaság in accordance with the Law No. I/1946 on the form of government taking effect on the date of its publication in the National Assembly as required by Art. 19 of the cited law ("Magyar Törvénytár. 1946. évi törvénycikkek" (Budapest: Franklin Társulat Kiadása, 1946), pp. 3-12; National Assembly Proceedings, 1:346)
31 Jan 1946 - 20 Aug 1949 A Magyar Köztársaság | Hungarian Republic
20 Aug 1949 name changed to Magyar Népköztársaság in accordance with the Law No. 20/1949 promulgating the Constituion of 1949 (Official Gazette, No. 174, 20 Aug 1949)
20 Aug 1949 - 23 Oct 1989 A Magyar Népköztársaság | Hungarian People's Republic
23 Oct 1989 name changed to Magyar Köztársaság in accordance with the Law No. XXXI/1989 amending the Constituion of 1949 (Official Gazette, No. 74, 23 Oct 1989, pp. 1219-1243)
23 Oct 1989 - 1 Jan 2012 A Magyar Köztársaság | Hungarian Republic
1 Jan 2012 name changed to Magyarország in accordance with Art. 1 of the Constitution passed by the National Assembly (Országgyűlés) 18 Apr 2011 and signed into law 25 Apr 2011 (effective on a date prescribed in the Closing Provisions, 1 Jan 2012) (Official Gazette, No. 43, 25 Apr 2011)
1 Jan 2012 - Magyarország | Hungary

[1] For the styles of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy and of its "Hungarian" component, see Austria.
[2] All references to "royal" in legal acts are abolished in accordance with a government regulation of 19 Nov 1918 (Official Gazette, No. 266, 20 Nov 1918, p. 10).
[3] The Hungarian National Government (Magyar Nemzeti kormány) was established in Arad in opposition to the Hungarian Soviet Republic and its successors, operating between 5 May 1919 and 22 Aug 1919 and using Magyarország (Hungary) as a reference to the polity.
[4] Also in official use: A Magyar Tanácsköztársaság (Hungarian Soviet Republic).
[5] The first order of the government appointed 1 Aug 1919 was issued in the name of the Government of the Hungarian Republic (A Magyar Köztársaság kormánya) (Official Gazette, No. 108, 2 Aug 1919, p. 1).
[6] A resolution of the Government of 8 Aug 1919 stated that the official name of the state is "Hungarian Republic, led by the Royal Prince József as the Governor thereof" ("Magyar Köztársaság, amelynek élén József királyi herceg mint kormányzó áll"). Order No. 1 of the Government dated 8 Aug 1919 was issued in the name of Magyar Köztársaság (Hungarian Republic) and signed by Friedrich as Prime Minister of the Hungarian Republic (A Magyar Köztársaság miniszterelnöke) (Official Gazette, No. 71, 8 Aug 1919, p. 2). This style was rarely applied and was eventually substituted with Magyarország.
[7] The only reference to a name of the state mentioned in the Law No. I/1920 is A Magyar Állam (Hungarian State). Art. 7 also states that "jurisdiction shall be exercised in the name of the Hungarian State by courts organised in the sense of the law" ("7. §. A bírói hatalmat a törvény értelmében szervezett bíróságok a törvényhozás további rendelkezéséig a magyar állam nevében gyakorolják.") Other names in official use included Magyarország (Hungary) and A Magyar Királyság (Hungarian Kingdom)
[8] The references to "royal" in legal acts are restored in accordance with a government order of 18 Mar 1920 (Official Gazette, No. 67, 21 Mar 1920, p. 1).
Last updated on: 11 Aug 2016 10:47:56