Haiti: Polity Style: 1806-2016

27 Dec 1806 Constitution of République d'Haïti is passed by a Constituent Assembly convened at Port-au-Prince [1]
27 Dec 1806 - 17 Mar 1843 République d'Haïti
27 Jan 1843 revolutionary authority established in Les Cayes; earliest known document issued on behalf of République Haïtienne as opposed to the official République d'Haïti is dated 10 Feb 1843, at Anse d'Hainault
17 Mar 1843 government of République d'Haïti in Port-au-Prince ceases to function
27 Jan 1843 - 1 Mar 1846 République Haïtienne
1 Mar 1846 Constitution of République d'Haïti of 1816 is restored by presidential proclamation
1 Mar 1846 - 26 Aug 1849 République d'Haïti
26 Aug 1849 proclamation of empire
26 Aug 1849 - 15 Jan 1859 Empire d'Haïti
22 Dec 1858 proclamation of republic in Gonaïves (Constitution of République d'Haïti of 1846 restored by a decree of Comité départemental séant aux Gonaïves 23 Dec 1858)
22 Dec 1858 - République d'Haïti = (from 28 Apr 1987) Repiblik d Ayiti [2][3]
15 Jan 1859 abdication of Empereur d'Haïti signed in Port-au-Prince
28 Apr 1987 Haitian Creole (kreyòl) becomes an official language upon the entrance into force of the Constitution of 1987

[1] The establishment on 27 Dec 1806 of République d'Haïti almost immediately led to a de-facto partition of the country into the polity that evolved into the Royaume d'Haïti, centred in the North, and République d'Haïti, centred in the South; each of the two entities claiming authority over the entire territory of the nation. The de-facto partition ended with the extinction of the Royaume d'Haïti on 8 Oct 1820 and the incorporation of its teritory into the République d'Haïti on 26 Oct 1820.
[2] Dissident polities:
  3 Nov 1810 - 20 Mar 1812 Département du Sud
  25 Apr 1868 - ? Dec 1869 République du Nord
  8 May 1868 - ? Dec 1869 État Méridional d'Haïti
  27 Nov 1888 - ? ? 1889 République Septentrionale d'Haïti
[3] Le Moniteur. Journal Officiel de la République d'Haïti. 142ème Année No. 36. Mardi 28 avril 1987. Port-au-Prince.
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 03:38:53