Germany: Heads of Government: 1919-1945

Präsident des Reichsministeriums
13 Feb 1919 - 21 Jun 1919 Philipp Scheidemann (x)
21 Jun 1919 - 14 Aug 1919 Gustav Bauer
Reichskanzler
14 Aug 1919 - 27 Mar 1920 Gustav Bauer (x) [1]
27 Mar 1920 - 21 Jun 1920 Hermann Müller
21 Jun 1920 - 10 May 1921 Konstantin Fehrenbach
10 May 1921 - 22 Nov 1922 Joseph Wirth
22 Nov 1922 - 13 Aug 1923 Wilhelm Cuno
13 Aug 1923 - 30 Nov 1923 Gustav Stresemann
30 Nov 1923 - 15 Jan 1925 Wilhelm Marx
15 Jan 1925 - 13 May 1926 Hans Luther
13 May 1926 - 17 May 1926 vacant [2]
17 May 1926 - 29 Jun 1928 Wilhelm Marx (x)
29 Jun 1928 - 30 Mar 1930 Hermann Müller (x)
30 Mar 1930 - 1 Jun 1932 Heinrich Brüning
1 Jun 1932 - 3 Dec 1932 Franz von Papen
3 Dec 1932 - 30 Jan 1933 Kurt von Schleicher
30 Jan 1933 - 2 Aug 1934 Adolf Hitler
Führer und Reichskanzler [3]
2 Aug 1934 - 30 Apr 1945 Adolf Hitler (x)
Reichskanzler
30 Apr 1945 - 1 May 1945 Joseph Goebbels
Leitender Minister
2 May 1945 - 23 May 1945 Johann Ludwig Graf Schwerin von Krosigk [4]

[1] Reichskanzler (in opposition)
  13 Mar 1920 - 17 Mar 1920 Wolfgang Kapp
[2] Designated substitute without formal appointment to the office: Otto Karl Geßler
[3] The style is not formally abolished, but gradually replaced with Der Führer after 17 May 1939; continues in occasional official use until the end of 1942.
[4] Original name: Johann Ludwig von Krosigk (changed upon adoption in 1925)
Last updated on: 11 Mar 2010 05:29:48