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Gagern, Heinrich von

Heinrich Wilhelm August Freiherr von Gagern

b. 20 Aug 1799, Bayreuth, Royal Prussian States
d. 22 May 1880, Darmstadt, German Reich

Title: Präsident der deutschen Nationalversammlung (President of the German National Assembly)
Term: 19 May 1848 - 16 Dec 1848
Chronology: 19 May 1848, elected, second session of the National Assembly, Paulskirche, Frankfurt-am-Main [1, I, 17] (reelected on 31 May 1848, 30 Jun 1848, 31 Jul 1848, 31 Aug 1848, 2 Oct 1848, 2 Nov 1848, 4 Dec 1848) [2]
  16 Dec 1848, resignation submitted, one hundred and thirty-seventh session of the National Assembly, Paulskirche, Frankfurt-am-Main; no acceptance vote [1, VI, 4223]
Names/titles: Präsident des Reichsministerrates (President of the Reich Council of Ministers) [17 Dec 1848 - 21 Mar 1849]; Interimistischer Präsident des Reichsministerrates (Interim President of the Reich Council of Ministers) [21 Mar 1849 - 16 May 1849] (see details)
Biography:


The son of Hans Christoph Ernst Freiherr von Gagern, statesman and publicist; educated at gymnasium in Weilburg (1808-1812), military school in Munich (1812-1814); military service in Nassau troops (1814-1815), participated in the Battle of Waterloo (18 Jun 1815), was wounded; studied law and philosophy in Heidelberg, Göttingen, Jena and Geneva (1816-1820); activist of the Allgemeine Deutsche Burschenschaft, a student organization dedicated to the unification of Germany (1818); held minor judiciary positions in Darmstadt and Lorsch (1821-1823); entered the civil service as an employee of the Hesse-Darmstadt ministry for the Interior and Justice (1823); held various positions in the government of the Province of Starkenburg (1824-1832); state counselor in the Hesse-Darmstadt ministry for the Interior and Justice (1832-1833); Kammerherr (1830-1833); member of the Second Chamber of the Hesse Landstände, assembly of estates (1832-1836, 1847-1850, 1866-1872); resigned the state service and lived as landowner (from 1833); member of the court of honor (1847-1851); appointed chairman of the Hesse-Darmstadt state ministry (5 Mar 1848 - Jun 1848) and minister of foreign affairs; member of the Vorparlament (1848); elected as a representative of Zwingenberg, Hesse-Darmstadt, to the Nationalversammlung (National Assembly) and served as deputy (18 May 1848 - 21 May 1849); president of the National Assembly (19 May 1848 - 16 Dec 1848); joined the Casino faction; president of the Reich Council of Ministers (17 Dec 1848 - 21 Mar 1849, interim 21 Mar 1849 - 16 May 1849), Reich minister of foreign affairs (17 Dec 1848 - 21 Mar 1849, interim 21 Mar 1849 - 16 May 1849), head of the Reich Ministry of the Interior (17 Dec 1848 - 21 Mar 1849, interim 21 Mar 1849 - 16 May 1849); member of the Deutsche Parlament (Erfurt Union Parliament, 1850), a conference called by Prussia to form a union of German states; participated as volunteer in the German-Danish war (1850-1851); retired to private life in Heidelberg (1851-1863); envoy of Hesse-Darmstadt in Vienna (1863-1872). Biography source: [3]

Elections:

Candidate Votes (19 May 1848)
Heinrich Wilhelm August Freiherr von Gagern 305
Johann Georg Alexander Freiherr von Soiron 85
Robert Blum 3
Bernhard August von Lindenau 1
Ernst Friedrich Freiherr von Vincke 1
Friedrich Christoph Dahlmann 1
Adolph Philipp Heinrich Friedrich Cnyrim 1
total votes cast/absolute majority 397/199
Election results: [1, I, 17]

[1] Stenographischer Bericht über die Verhandlungen der deutschen constituirenden Nationalversammlung zu Frankfurt am Main, ed. by Franz Wigard (Frankfurt-am-Main: Johann David Sauerländer, 1848-1849)
[2] Absent from sessions 24 Nov 1848 to 2 Dec 1848 (vacation); the duties of president is exercised by Gabriel Riesser, Zweiter Stellvertreter des Vorsitzenden (Second Deputy Chairman, 2 Oct 1848 - 4 Dec 1848).
[3] "Biographisches Handbuch der Abgeordneten der Frankfurter Nationalversammlung 1848/49", ed. by Heinrich Best, Wilhelm Weege (Düsseldorf: Droste, 1996)
  Image: daguerreotype by Jacob Seib (1848).

This page was last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 03:33:10

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