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Bavaria: Heads of State: 1806-1918

Royal House: Wittelsbach
Von Gottes Gnaden König von Bayern (from 18 Oct 1835 Von Gottes Gnaden König von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog von Bayern, Franken und in Schwaben etc. etc.) [1][2]
1 Jan 1806 - 13 Oct 1825 Maximilian Joseph (Maximilian Maria Michael Johann Evangelist Franz von Paula Joseph Kaspar Ignatius Johann Nepomuk) [3]
13 Oct 1825 - 20 Mar 1848 Ludwig (Karl Ludwig August)
20 Mar 1848 - 10 Mar 1864 Maximilian II. (Maximilian Joseph)
10 Mar 1864 - 13 Jun 1886 Ludwig II. (Ludwig Otto Friedrich Wilhelm) [4]
13 Jun 1886 - 5 Mar 1913 Otto (Otto Wilhelm Luitpold Adalbert Waldemar) [4]
5 Mar 1913 - 13 Nov 1918 Ludwig III. (Ludwig Leopold Joseph Maria Aloys Alfred) [5]

[1] Original style upon the proclamation of the kingdom (1 Jan 1806): Von Gottes Gnaden König von Bayern, des heil. römischen Reichs Erzpfalzgraf, Erztruchseß, und Kurfürst (use of imperial titles discontinued after 12 Jul 1806).
[2] The style Von Gottes Gnaden König von Bayern, Pfalzgraf bei Rhein, Herzog von Bayern, Franken und in Schwaben etc. etc. was in official use after the accession of Ludwig and was formally confirmed by the royal decree on coat-of-arms and title of 18 Oct 1835 (published 20 Oct 1835 in Regierungsblatt).
[3] Also signed official documents as: Max Joseph
[4] Regency: 10 Jun 1886 - 5 Mar 1913
[5] Leaves national territory 8 Nov 1918 and declares himself unable to continue governing (Anifer Erklärung, 12 Nov 1918, made at Anif bei Salzburg, Austria); the declaration is published in Munich 13 Nov 1918 and is presumed to have been an abdication by the government.

This page was last updated on: 02 Sep 2011 23:39:10

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