Germany: Polity Style: 1871-2016

1 Jan 1871 amended Constitution of the German Union takes effect on a prescibed date (1 Jan 1871) in accordance with an agreement signed 15 Nov 1870 by the representatives of the North German Confederation, Baden and Hesse (Bundes-Gesetzblatt des Norddeutschen Bundes, 1870, Nr. 51, Ausgegeben zu Berlin den 31. Dezember 1870, pp. 65-66, 627-649)
1 Jan 1871 - 5 Jun 1945 Deutsches Reich [1][2]
5 Jun 1945 governments of the United States, Soviet Union, United Kingdom, and France issue a declaration on "assumption of supreme authority with respect to Germany" [3]
23 May 1949 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Germany is passed (8 May 1949) by the Parlamentarischer Rat (Parliamentary Council) and takes effect at the end of the day of promulgation in accordance with Art. 146 (5) of the Constitution (Bundesgesetzblatt, Ausgegeben in Bonn am 23. Mai 1949, Nr. 1)
23 May 1949 - Bundesrepublik Deutschland

[1] The use of Deutsches Reich between 10 Nov 1918 and 6 Feb 1919 is largely discontinued, but no substitute style is ever officially declared. Alternative polity styles - Deutsche Sozialistische Republik, Deutsche Republik, Deutschland - are in official use, but have no Constitutional status.
[2] The style Großdeutsches Reich: a) designates the territorial scope of legislation applying to the Deutsches Reich together with Bohemia and Moravia (Protektorat Böhmen und Mähren, from 16 Mar 1939); b) becomes part of the official style of the Head of State for external relations (from 28 Jul 1942); c) is also used for external relations as the polity style (from 26 Jun 1943); no Constitutional status given.
[3] Amtsblatt des Kontrollrats in Deutschland, Ergänzungsblatt Nr. 1, Sammlung von Urkunden betreffend die Errichtung der Alliierten Kontrollbehörde (Berlin, 1946), pp. 7-9. Full title (English): Declaration regarding the defeat of Germany and the assumption of supreme authority with respect to Germany by the Governments of the United States of America, the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics, the United Kingdom and the Provisional Government of the French Republic; full title (German): Erklärung in Anbetracht der Niederlage Deutschlands und der Übernahme der obersten Regierungsgewalt hinsichtlich Deutschlands durch die Regierungen des Vereinigten Königreichs, der Vereinigten Staaten von Amerika und der Union der Sozialistischen Sowjet-Republiken und durch die Provisorische Regierung der Französischen Republik.
Last updated on: 11 Dec 2011 06:54:57