Poincaré, Raymond

Raymond-Nicolas-Landry Poincaré

b. 20 Aug 1860, Bar-le-Duc, Meuse [1]
d. 15 Oct 1934, Paris

Title: Président de la République française (President of the French Republic)
Term: 18 Feb 1913 - 18 Feb 1920
Chronology: 17 Jan 1913, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), salle des séances de la Chambre des députés, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [2]
18 Feb 1913, assumed the functions of office, public ceremony, salon des Ambassadeurs, Palais de l'Elysée, Paris [3]
18 Feb 1920, expiration of term
Biography:
Son of an engineer; educated at the École Polytechnique; admitted to the bar (1882) after studying law at the University of Paris; general counselor for Pierrefitte-sur-Aire (from 1886); elected to Chambre des députés (Chamber of Deputies) (1887-1903); minister of public education, arts and cults (4 Apr 1893 - 3 Dec 1893, 26 Jan 1895 - 1 Nov 1895); minister of finances (30 May 1894 - 26 Jan 1895, 14 Mar 1906 - 25 Oct 1906); elected to Sénat (1903-1912, 1920-1934); elected to Académie française (1909); President of the Council of Ministers and minister for foreign affairs (14 Jan 1912 - 21 Jan 1913); elected President of the Republic (17 Jan 1913); worked for preserving national unity during World War I (1914-1918); insisted on complete payments of reparations by Germany; president of the Reparation Committee (1920); President of the Council of Ministers and minister for foreign affairs (15 Jan 1922 - 9 Jun 1924); authorized occupation of Ruhr by the French army to secure reparations from Germany (1923); President of the Council of Ministers (23 Jul 1926 - 29 Jul 1929) and minister of finances (23 Jul 1926 - 11 Nov 1928); succeeded in stabilizing national currency.
Biographical sources: Dansette (1953)
Elections:

Candidate 1st vote (17 Jan 1913) 2nd vote (17 Jan 1913)
votes cast 872 870
blank/invalid 5 11
valid votes 867 859
absolute majority 434 430
Raymond-Nicolas-Landry Poincaré 429 483
Jules Pams 327 296
Marie-Édouard Vaillant 63 69
Paul-Eugène-Louis Deschanel 18 -
Alexandre-Félix-Joseph Ribot 16 -
scattered 14 11
Source of electoral results: Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 17, 18 Jan 1913), pp. 1-6.

[1] Original birth record is preserved in the Archives of the Meuse département, 2 E 29 (81), record No. 244.
[2] Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 17, 18 Jan 1913), pp. 1-6.
[3] JORF, No. 49, 19 Feb 1913, pp. 1661-1662; Le Temps, No. 18857, 19 Feb 1913, p. 6.
Last updated on: 15 Nov 2015 04:22:28