Millerand, Alexandre

Étienne-Alexandre Millerand

b. 10 Feb 1859, Paris
d. 7 Apr 1943, Versailles

Title: Président de la République française (President of the French Republic)
Term: 23 Sep 1920 - 11 Jun 1924
Chronology: 23 Sep 1920, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), salle des séances de la Chambre des députés, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [1]
23 Sep 1920, assumed the functions of office, public ceremony, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [2]
11 Jun 1924, letter of resignation (dated 11 Jun 1924, Paris) communicated to the Chamber of Deputies and to the Senate, acknowledged [3]
Biography:
Studied at Lycée Henri IV and Lycée Michelet; educated as a lawyer at the University of Paris; admitted to the bar in 1881; worked as journalist for La Justice; joined the Socialist Party; elected to Chambre des députés (1885-1919); edited La Petite République, organ of the Socialists, and La Lanterne (1898); minister of commerce, industry, posts and telegraphs (22 Jun 1899 - 7 Jun 1902); split with the Socialist Party (1904); served as minister of public works, posts and telegraphs (24 Jul 1909 - 3 Nov 1910); minister of war (14 Jan 1912 - 12 Jan 1913, 26 Aug 1914 - 29 Oct 1915); supervised the return of the Alsace region to French administration at the end of World War I as commissioner general (1919-1920); President of the Council of Ministers (20 Jan 1920 - 24 Sep 1920); emerged as leader of the Bloc national, a right-center moderate coalition; favored a concept of stronger presidency (speech at Evreux, 14 Oct 1923); was opposed by the Cartel des Gauches, radical and socialist majority; victory of the Cartel in the elections of May 1924 resulted in increasing critical attacks; unable to form an acceptable Cabinet, resigned the presidency under pressure from the left-wing coalition; elected to the Sénat and served 1925-1940.
Biographical sources: Dansette (1953)
Elections:

Candidate Vote (23 Sep 1920)
votes cast 892
blank/invalid 106
valid votes 786
absolute majority 394
Étienne-Alexandre Millerand 695
Gustave-Émile Delory 69
scattered 22
Source of electoral results: Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 261, 24 Sep 1920), pp. 1-4.

[1] Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 261, 24 Sep 1920), pp. 1-4.
[2] JORF, No. 261, 24 Sep 1920, pp. 14050-14051.
[3] JORF - Débats parlementaires, No. 77, 12 Jun 1924, Sénat, pp. 909-910; JORF - Débats parlementaires, No. 77, 12 Jun 1924, Chambre des députés, pp. 2301-2302.
Last updated on: 15 Jan 2014 02:45:21