Fallières, Armand

Armand-Clément Fallières

b. 6 Nov 1841, Mézin, Lot-et-Garonne [1]
d. 22 Jun 1931, Loupillon, Lot-et-Garonne

Title: Président de la République française (President of the French Republic)
Term: 18 Feb 1906 - 18 Feb 1913
Chronology: 17 Jan 1906, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), salle des séances de la Chambre des députés, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [2]
18 Feb 1906, assumed the functions of office, public ceremony, salon des Ambassadeurs, Palais de l'Elysée, Paris [3]
18 Feb 1913, expiration of term
Biography:
Studied law in Paris and Toulouse; had law practice in Nérac; municipal counselor and mayor of Nérac (from 4 Sep 1870); elected to Chambre des députés (Chamber of Deputies) (1876-1890); under-secretary of the interior and cults (17 May 1880 - 14 Nov 1881); minister of the interior (7 Aug 1882 - 13 Sep 1882, 30 May 1887 - 12 Dec 1887); minister of the interior and cults (13 Sep 1882 - 21 Feb 1883); president of the Council of Ministers (29 Jan 1883 - 21 Feb 1883); acting foreign minister (29 Jan 1883 - 21 Feb 1883); minister of public education and arts (20 Nov 1883 - 6 Apr 1885, 22 Feb 1889 - 17 Mar 1890); acting justice minister (6 Jul 1887 - 30 Jul 1887; 30 Nov 1887 - 12 Dec 1887); justice minister (12 Dec 1887 - 3 Apr 1888); minister of justice and cults (17 Mar 1890 - 27 Feb 1892); elected to the Sénat (8 Jan 1890 - 13 Feb 1906) from Lot-et-Garonne and became its president (3 Mar 1899 - 13 Feb 1906); elected President of the Republic (17 Jan 1906) as a candidate of the left; endorsed invasion of Morocco (1907), followed by French-German controversy over protectorate; signed a law on freedom of cults (1907); French-Japanese agreement (1907) guaranteed independence for China; agreement with Germany over Morocco reached in 1909.
Biographical sources: Dansette (1953)
Elections:

Candidate Vote (17 Jan 1906)
votes cast 849
blank/invalid 1
valid votes 848
absolute majority 425
Clément-Armand Fallières 449
Paul Doumer 371
scattered 28
Source of electoral results: Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 17, 18 Jan 1906), pp. 1-4.

[1] Original birth record is preserved in the Archives of the Lot-et-Garonne département, 4 E 171/16, record No. 40 (1841) or 240/270.
[2] Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 17, 18 Jan 1906), pp. 1-4.
[3] JORF, No. 49, 19 Feb 1906, pp. 1133-1134; Le Temps, No. 16314, 19 Feb 1906, p. 1.
Last updated on: 15 Nov 2015 03:47:03