Home » Nations » France » Heads of State » Doumer, Paul

Doumer, Paul

Paul Doumer

b. 22 Mar 1857, Aurillac, Cantal [1]
d. 7 May 1932, Paris

Title: Président de la République française (President of the French Republic)
Term: 13 Jun 1931 - 7 May 1932
Chronology: 13 May 1931, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), salle des séances de la Chambre des députés, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [2]
13 Jun 1931, assumed the functions of office, public ceremony, salon des Ambassadeurs, Palais de l'Elysée, Paris [3]
7 May 1932, died (assassination) [4]
Names/titles: Original name: Joseph-Athanase Doumer; later replaced with Paul [1]
Biography:
Originated from a poor family; at the age of 12 worked as a messenger, then engraver; attended evening courses at the Conservatoire des Arts et métiers; received degrees in mathematics (1877) and law (1878); taught in a college (1877-1879); edited Courrier de l'Aisne (from 1880); municipal conselor of Saint-Quentin (from 1883); chief of staff of the President of the Chambre des députés (Chamber of Deputies) in 1887; elected to the Chamber of Deputies (1888-1889, 1891-1896, 1902-1910); served as minister of finance (1 Nov 1895 - 29 Apr 1896, 16 Jan 1921 - 15 Jan 1922, 16 Dec 1925 - 9 Mar 1926); governor general of Indochina (appointed 28 Dec 1896, entered office 13 Feb 1897 - Oct 1902); President of the Chamber of Deputies (10 Jan 1905 - 8 Jun 1906); lost presidential elections to Armand Fallières (17 Jan 1906); elected to the Sénat (1912-1931) as a representative of Corsica; minister of state (12 Sep 1917 - 16 Nov 1917); chairman of the Sénat finance commission (1925); President of the Sénat (14 Jan 1927 - 9 Jun 1931); elected President of the Republic (13 May 1931); continued to work on overcoming the effects of world economic crisis; was fatally shot by a deranged assassin at a public ceremony (6 May 1932) and died shortly afterwards.
Biographical sources: Dansette (1953)
Elections:

Candidate 1st vote (13 May 1931) 2nd vote (13 May 1931)
votes cast 901 893
blank/invalid 4 10
valid votes 897 883
absolute majority 449 442
Paul Doumer 442 504
Aristide Briand 401 12
Jean-Patrick Hennessy 15 -
Gilles-Marcel Cachin 10 11
Pierre Marraud - 334
Paul Painlevé - 13
scattered 29 9
Source of electoral results: JORF - Débats parlementaires, No. 66, 14 May 1931, Assemblée nationale, pp. 1-6.

[1] Birth and baptism records were published in "Revue de la Haute-Auvergne publiée par la Société des lettres, sciences et arts "La Haute-Auvergne", vol. 26, 33 année (1931), pp. 116-117. The names in the birth record: Joseph-Athanase; baptismal record: François-Athanase Doumere (sic). Original birth record is preserved in the Archives of the Cantal département, 5 Mi 37/1, record No. 50/1857.
[2] JORF - Débats parlementaires, No. 66, 14 May 1931, Assemblée nationale, pp. 1-6.
[3] JORF - Lois et décrets, No. 138, 14 Jun 1931, p. 6450; Le Temps, No. 25496, 14 Jun 1931, p. 8.
[4] Le Temps, No. 25823, 8 May 1932, p. 1; some sources ignore the fact that Doumer died at 04:37 a.m. on 7 May 1932, several hours after assassination attempt was made, thus erroneously giving 6 May 1931 as the date of his death and the end of his term.
  Image: Éditions Phot. Vizzanova (1931)

This page was last updated on: 15 Jan 2014 02:45:15

Main Projects


    twitter
    rss