Casimir-Perier, Jean

Jean-Paul-Pierre Casimir-Perier

b. 8 Nov 1847, Paris
d. 11 Mar 1907, Paris

Title: Président de la République française (President of the French Republic)
Term: 27 Jun 1894 - 16 Jan 1895
Chronology: 27 Jun 1894, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), salle des séances de la Chambre des députés, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [1]
27 Jun 1894, assumed the functions of office, public ceremony, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [2]
16 Jan 1895, letter of resignation (dated 15 Jan 1895, Paris) communicated to the Chamber of Deputies and to the Senate, acknowledged [3][4]
Names/titles: Original name: Jean-Paul-Pierre-Casimir Périer (contrary to the rules of French orthography, the family used Perier consistently instead of Périer); the family is formally authorised to change their last name to Casimir Périer according to a presidential decree of 14 Mar 1874 (hyphen added in common use) [5]
Biography:
Son of Auguste Périer (from 14 Mar 1874 Auguste Casimir-Périer), diplomat and minister of the interior (1871-1872, 1873); studied law at Lycée Bonaparte (1862-1866); served as a captain during the Franco-German War (1870-1871); general counselor for Nogent-sur-Seine (1873-1876); elected to the Chambre des députés (Chamber of Deputies) as a left republican from the Aube département (1876-1883, 1883-1894); under-secretary for public education, arts and cults (20 Dec 1877 - 5 Feb 1879); under-secretary for war (17 Oct 1883 - 3 Jan 1885); served as vice-president (12 Jan 1886 - 11 Jan 1893) and president (11 Jan 1893 - 5 Dec 1893) of the Chamber of Deputies; President of the Council of Ministers and minister for foreign affairs (3 Dec 1893 - 30 May 1894); for the second time elected president of the Chamber of Deputies (2 Jun 1894 - 27 Jun 1894); following the assassination of President Sadi Carnot, he was elected (27 Jun 1894) President of the Republic; resigned after six months in office (16 Jan 1895); retired from politics; refused a proposal of President Émile Loubet to form a Cabinet (1899).
Biographical sources: Dansette (1953)
Elections:

Candidate Vote (27 Jun 1894)
votes cast 851
blank/invalid 6
valid votes 845
absolute majority 423
Jean-Paul-Pierre Casimir-Perier 451
Eugène-Henri Brisson 195
Charles-Alexandre Dupuy 97
Victor-Louis-François Février 53
François-Victor-Emmanuel Arago 27
scattered 22
Source of electoral results: Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 173, 28 Jun 1894), pp. 1-2.

[1] Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 173, 28 Jun 1894), pp. 1-2.
[2] JORF, No. 173, 28 Jun 1894, p. 2941.
[3] Débats parlementaires, Sénat (supplement to JORF, No. 16, 17 Jan 1895), p. 15; Débats parlementaires, Chambre des députés (supplement to JORF, No. 16, 17 Jan 1895), p. 71.
[4] Casimir-Perier's irrevocable decision to resign the office was communicated at about 21:30 15 Jan 1895 to the President of the Council of Ministers, instructing him to notify the presidents of the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies. Public announcement was made by the interior ministry at about 22:00 15 Jan 1895 (Le Temps, No. 12286, 17 Jan 1895, p. 1).
[5] Bulletin des lois de la République française, № 186: № 2796 - Décret du Président de la République française, in "Bulletin des lois de la République française", XIIe série, premier semestre de 1874. Partie principale. T. 8 (Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1874), pp. 351-352: "Sont autorisés à substituer à leur nom patronymique celui de Casimir Périer, et à s'appeler, á l'avenir, Casimir Périer au lieu de Périer."
Image: photograph by Valery.
Last updated on: 15 Jan 2014 02:45:31