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Carnot, Sadi

Marie-François-Sadi Carnot

b. 11 Aug 1837, Limoges, Haute-Vienne [1]
d. 25 Jun 1894, Lyon, Rhône

Title: Président de la République française (President of the French Republic)
Term: 3 Dec 1887 - 25 Jun 1894
Chronology: 3 Dec 1887, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), salle des séances de la Chambre des députés, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [2]
3 Dec 1887, assumed the functions of office, public ceremony, Palais de Versailles, Versailles [3]
25 Jun 1894, died (assassination) [4]
Biography:
Grandson of Lazare-Nicolas-Marguerite Carnot and son of Lazare-Hippolyte Carnot, member of legislatures from 1839 to 1888, minister of public instruction (24 Feb 1848 - 5 Jul 1848); attended Lycée Condorcet; educated at the École Polytechnique (1857-1860) and École des ponts et chaussées (1860-1863); after service as a government engineer at Annecy, he was named commissioner of Normandy with responsibility for organizing resistance there in the Franco-German War (1870-1871); briefly held the office of prefect of the Seine-Inférieure département and extraordinary commissioner of the Republic for Seine-Inférieure, Eure and Calvados (13 Jan 1871 - 7 Feb 1871); elected to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1871-1876) as a representative for Côte-d'Or; returned as a member of the Conseil Général of the département of Côte-d'Or from the canton of Nolay (from 1871); elected to the Chamber of Deputies (1876-1888), serving as a representative for Côte-d'Or; appointed under-secretary for public works (5 Feb 1879 - 23 Sep 1880), minister of public works (23 Sep 1880 - 14 Nov 1881, 6 Apr 1885 - 16 Apr 1885); elected vice president of the Chamber of Deputies (1883-1885); minister of finance (16 Apr 1885 - 11 Dec 1886); following the resignation of Jules Grévy, elected President of the Republic (3 Dec 1887); faced the movement led by General Boulanger, which threatened to topple the Third Republic by conspiring with monarchists and attempts to replace the constitution with more authoritarian law; government of Pierre Tirard succeeded (1889) in preventive measures and decided to prosecute Boulanger, who fled to Belgium; in May 1891 the workers' demonstration with demands of 8-hour working day resulted in casualties; the Panama scandal (1892) occurred when the press discovered that the Panama Canal Company bribed the French politicians in effort to save the collapsing project; after delivering a speech at a Lyon exposition, at about 21:10 24 Jun 1894, was stabbed by an Italian anarchist, who approached the presidential cortege; died at 00:35 25 Jun 1894.
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 1:587-590; Picquet (1899) : "Histoire d'un français (Sadi-Carnot)", by Maurice Picquet (Paris: Picard, [1899]) (web site).
Elections:

Candidate 1st vote (3 Dec 1887) 2nd vote (3 Dec 1887)
votes cast 852 842
blank/invalid 3 15
valid votes 849 827
absolute majority 425 414
Marie-François-Sadi Carnot 303 616
Jules-François-Camille Ferry 212 11
Félix-Gustave Saussier 148 188
Louis-Charles de Saulces de Freycinet 76 5
Félix-Antoine Appert 72 5
Eugène-Henri Brisson 26 -
Charles-Thomas Floquet 5 1
Alexandre-Anatole de La Forge 2 -
Félix-Pyat Aimé, dit Félix Pyat 2 1
Louis Pasteur 2 -
Séraphin-Jacques-Eugène Spuller 1 -
Source of electoral results: Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 330, 4 Dec 1887), pp. 1-2.

[1] An extract from the vital records kept by the office of mayor of Limoges was published in Picquet (1899), pp. 11-12.
[2] Débats parlementaires, Assemblée nationale (supplement to JORF, No. 330, 4 Dec 1887), pp. 1-2.
[3] JORF, No. 330, 4 Dec 1887, p. 5345; Journal des débats, politiques et littéraires, Édition du matin, 4 Dec 1887, p. (2).
[4] JORF, No. 170, 25 Jun 1894, p. 2889.

This page was last updated on: 15 Jan 2014 02:45:12

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