Dupont (de l'Eure), Jacques-Charles

Jacques-Charles Dupont, dit Dupont (de l'Eure)

b. 27 Feb 1767, Neubourg, Eure
d. 2 Mar 1855, Rouge-Perriers, Eure

Title: Président du Gouvernement provisoire de la République (President of the Provisional Government of the Republic)
Term: 24 Feb 1848 - 9 May 1848
Chronology: 24 Feb 1848, assumed the presidency by general consent, meeting of the Provisional Government, Hôtel de Ville, Paris [1]
4 May 1848, resignation of the Provisional Government submitted to the Assemblée nationale constituante (Constituent National Assembly); meeting of the Assembly, Palais-Bourbon, Paris; notice taken [2][3]
11 May 1848, Provisional Government ceased to exist upon the installation of the Commission du Pouvoir exécutif (Executive Power Commission)

A descendant of bourgeoisie family; served as lawyer in the Parlement of Normandy (from 1789); held municipal offices in Neubourg and Louviers; elected to the Conseil des Cinq-Cents [Council of Five Hundred] (1798-1799); supported the Brumaire coup (1799); held judicial offices in Rouen and Eure during the Consulate and First Empire; created chevalier de l'Empire (26 Apr 1810); admitted to the Corps législatif (1813-1814) from Eure; assumed the seat in the Chambre des députés [Chamber of deputies] (1814-1815); vice president of the Chamber (1814-1815); elected to the Chambre des représentants [Chamber of Representatives] (1815); second vice president of the Chamber (1815); was not reelected to the royal parliament after the Bourbons regained the throne (1815); elected to the Chamber of Deputies from Eure (1817-1848); named provisional commissar for justice (31 Jul 1830 - 11 Aug 1830) by the Commission municipale (Municipal Commission) and confirmed in this office by the ordinance of Louis-Philippe duc d'Orléans (1 Aug 1830); justice minister (11 Aug 1830 - 28 Oct 1830) in the first cabinet of Louis-Philippe I; took active part in organization of anti-monarchist banquets (February 1848); acclaimed as a member and President of the Gouvernement provisoire [Provisional Government] (24 Feb 1848 - 9 May 1848); appointed Président provisoire du Conseil (Provisional President of the Council) [24 Feb 1848 - 11 May 1848] [4]; elected to the Assemblée nationale constituante (Constituent National Assembly) (1848-1849), but his advanced age prevented him from active participation; emphatically fought against Louis-Napoleon Bonaparte, but failed to enter the Assemblée Legislative (Legislative National Assembly) in 1849 and abandoned political life. Biography source: [7][8]

[1] Neither the minutes of the Government sessions [5], nor the decrees of 24 Feb 1848 [6, pp. 1-12] supply any evidence that Dupont was appointed to the office of Président du Gouvernement provisoire. The memoirs of chief actors of the revolutionary events in Paris indicate that Dupont was approved as president by acclamation.
[2] Le Moniteur universel, 5 mai 1848.
[3] Dupont submitted the collective resignation of the Provisional Government on 4 May 1848, but it continued to work until 6 May 1848, when the last 78th session was held.
[4] Appointed by decree of the Provisional Government (24 Feb 1848) as président provisoire du Conseil to preside over the council of ministers. There appears never to have been a meeting of the ministers in the form of a Conseil des ministres, chaired by Dupont as president du Conseil. However, the term Conseil occurred frequently to mean the Provisional Government with its ministers and very occasionally stood for the Government making decisions. In colloquial use, Dupont is often referred to as president of the Council of Ministers.
[5] Procès-verbaux du Gouvernement provisoire et de la Commission du pouvoir exécutif (1950)
[6] Recueil complet des actes du gouvernement provisoire (février, mars, avril, mai 1848): avec des notes explicatives, des tables chronologiques et une table alphabétique, analytique et raisonnée des matières, ed. by Émile Carrey (Paris: Auguste Durand, 1848).
[7] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
[8] "Gouvernements, ministères et constitutions de la France de 1789 a 1895", by Léon Muel (Paris: Librairie Guillaumin et Cie, 1895).
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 03:29:26