REUBELL, Jean-François

Jean-François Reubell

b. 8 Oct 1747, Colmar, Haut-Rhin
d. 23 Nov 1807, Colmar, Haut-Rhin

Title: Membre du Directoire exécutif de la République française (Member of the Executive Directory of the French Republic)
Term: 2 Nov 1795 - 19 May 1799
Chronology: 31 Oct 1795, nomination of fifty candidates for election of five members of the Directoire exécutif (Executive Directory) proclaimed by the Conseil des Cinq-Cents (Council of Five Hundred); the list passed to the Conseil des Anciens (Council of Ancients) [2]
1 Nov 1795, election as a member of the Executive Directory proclaimed by the Council of Ancients, session of the Council, salle des Machines, Palais des Tuileries, Paris [2]
2 Nov 1795, Executive Directory constituted, first meeting of the Executive Directory, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris [2, vol. 1, pp. 1-4]
9 May 1799, chosen to be replaced by lot, meeting of the Executive Directory [3]
19 May 1799, functions as a member of the Executive Directory expired according to the Law of 15 ventôse, Year VI
Names/titles: Surname also spelled: Rewbell (originating in German, the surname of Reubell was sometimes spelled as Rewbell in French)
Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly) (23 Apr 1791 - 9 May 1791) [see details]; Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention) (6 Dec 1794 - 21 Dec 1794) [see details]; Président du Directoire exécutif de la République française (President of the Executive Directory of the French Republic) (2 Nov 1795 - 31 Jan 1796, 30 Jan 1797 - 30 Apr 1797, 26 May 1798 - 24 Aug 1798) [see details]
Biography:
Studied law, was admitted to the bar in Alsace; elected (2 Apr 1789) as a representative of the Third Estate by the constituencies of Colmar and Schestadt to the États-Généraux (Estates-General); deputy of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1789-1791); as an adversary of the ancien régime, attacked the royalists and was elected President of the National Assembly (23 Apr 1791 - 9 May 1791); after holding juridical offices in Haut-Rhin, was elected to Convention nationale (National Convention), representing the département of Haut-Rhin (1792-1795); following the events of 9 Thermidor, Year II (27 Jul 1794), opposed the Jacobins and contributed to closing their club in Paris; was elected member of the Comité de sûreté générale (Committee of General Security) (6 Oct 1794 - 3 Feb 1795) and the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (5 Mar 1795 - 3 Jul 1795, 2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795); elected to the Corps législatif in 17 départements (1795), opted for Haut-Rhin; selected to sit in the Conseil des Cinq-Cents (Council of Five Hundred) (27 Oct 1795); elected (1 Nov 1795) one of the original members of the Directoire exécutif (Executive Directory); three times served as President of the Directory (2 Nov 1795 - 31 Jan 1796, 30 Jan 1797 - 30 Apr 1797, 26 May 1798 - 24 Aug 1798); supervised justice, finance and external relations; selected for replacement as a Directory member (9 May 1799), gave up his seat on 19 May 1799; elected member of the Conseil des Anciens (Council of Ancients) by three départements, Haut-Rhin, Bas-Rhin and Moselle (1799); after the coup of 18 Brumaire (9 Nov 1799) retired from politics and spent the rest of his life in his hometown, Colmar. Biography source: [4]

Elections:

Candidate Vote (1 Nov 1795)
Louis-Marie de La Revellière-Lépeaux 216
Étienne-François-Louis-Honoré Le Tourneur 189
Jean-François Reubell 176
Emmanuel-Joseph Sieyès 156
Jean-Nicolas-Paul-François Barras 129
45 others less than 129
total votes cast 218
Election result source: [1]

[1] Gazette nationale ou Le Moniteur universel, No. 45, 15 brumaire an IV.
[2] Recueil des Actes du Directoire exécutif (Procès-verbaux, arrêtés, instructions, lettres et actes divers)", published by Antonin Debidour in "Collection de documents inédits sur l'histoire de France publiés par les soins du ministre de l'Instruction publique (Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1910-1917).
[3] Gazette nationale ou Le Moniteur universel, No. 232, 22 floréal an VII.
[4] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:17:00