REUBELL, Jean-François

Jean-François Reubell

b. 8 Oct 1747, Colmar, Haut-Rhin
d. 23 Nov 1807, Colmar, Haut-Rhin

Title: Président du Directoire exécutif de la République française (President of the Executive Directory of the French Republic)
Term: 2 Nov 1795 - 31 Jan 1796
Chronology: 2 Nov 1795, chosen by lot and installed as President of the Executive Directory, first meeting of the Executive Directory, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris [1, vol. 1, p. 4]
31 Jan 1796, expiration of term, successor installed [1, vol. 1, p. 516]
Term: 30 Jan 1797 - 30 Apr 1797
Chronology: 30 Jan 1797, installed as President, meeting of the Executive Directory, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris [1, vol. 4, p. 754]
30 Apr 1797, expiration of term, successor installed [2, vol. 1, p. 215]
Term: 26 May 1798 - 24 Aug 1798
Chronology: 26 May 1798, installed as President, meeting of the Executive Directory, Palais du Luxembourg, Paris [3]
30 Jul 1798, Council of Ancients enacted a law on granting Reubell a 30-day leave of absence for health treatment [4]
24 Aug 1798, expiration of term, successor installed [3]
Names/titles: Surname also spelled: Rewbell (originating in German, the surname of Reubell was sometimes spelled as Rewbell in French)
Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly) (23 Apr 1791 - 9 May 1791) [see details]; Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention) (6 Dec 1794 - 21 Dec 1794) [see details]; Membre du Directoire exécutif de la République française (Member of the Executive Directory of the French Republic) (2 Nov 1795 - 19 May 1799) [see details]
Biography:
Studied law, was admitted to the bar in Alsace; elected (2 Apr 1789) as a representative of the Third Estate by the constituencies of Colmar and Schestadt to the États-Généraux (Estates-General); deputy of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1789-1791); as an adversary of the ancien régime, attacked the royalists and was elected President of the National Assembly (23 Apr 1791 - 9 May 1791); after holding juridical offices in Haut-Rhin, was elected to Convention nationale (National Convention), representing the département of Haut-Rhin (1792-1795); following the events of 9 Thermidor, Year II (27 Jul 1794), opposed the Jacobins and contributed to closing their club in Paris; was elected member of the Comité de sûreté générale (Committee of General Security) (6 Oct 1794 - 3 Feb 1795) and the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (5 Mar 1795 - 3 Jul 1795, 2 Aug 1795 - 4 Nov 1795); elected to the Corps législatif in 17 départements (1795), opted for Haut-Rhin; selected to sit in the Conseil des Cinq-Cents (Council of Five Hundred) (27 Oct 1795); elected (1 Nov 1795) one of the original members of the Directoire exécutif (Executive Directory); three times served as President of the Directory (2 Nov 1795 - 31 Jan 1796, 30 Jan 1797 - 30 Apr 1797, 26 May 1798 - 24 Aug 1798); supervised justice, finance and external relations; selected for replacement as a Directory member (9 May 1799), gave up his seat on 19 May 1799; elected member of the Conseil des Anciens (Council of Ancients) by three départements, Haut-Rhin, Bas-Rhin and Moselle (1799); after the coup of 18 Brumaire (9 Nov 1799) retired from politics and spent the rest of his life in his hometown, Colmar. Biography source: [5]


[1] Recueil des Actes du Directoire exécutif (Procès-verbaux, arrêtés, instructions, lettres et actes divers)", published by Antonin Debidour in "Collection de documents inédits sur l'histoire de France publiés par les soins du ministre de l'Instruction publique (Paris: Imprimerie nationale, 1910-1917).
[2] Les procès-verbaux du Directoire exécutif, an V - an VIII. Inventaire des registres des delibérations et des minutes des arrêtés, lettres et actes du Directoire faisant suite au Recueil des actes du Directoire exécutif d'Antonin Debidour, ed. by Pierre-Dominique Cheynet (Paris: Centre historique des Archives nationales, 2000-).
[3] Archives nationales, AF III 1-51J.
[4] Bulletin des lois de la République, No. 215, p. 8. After Reubell's departure, Philippe-Antoine Merlin (de Douai) exercised the functions of president signing official documents pour le président. He also signed the minutes of the Directory from 25 Jun 1798 to 22 Aug 1798.
[5] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:16:58