Faure, Edgar

Edgar-Jean-Vincent-Barthélemy Faure

b. 18 Aug 1908, Béziers, Hérault
d. 30 Mar 1988, Paris

Title: Président du Conseil des ministres (President of the Council of Ministers)
Term: 20 Jan 1952 - 8 Mar 1952
Chronology: 18 Jan 1952, endorsed by the vote of investiture, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), Palais-Bourbon, Paris [1][2]
20 Jan 1952, appointed on the list of members of the Council of Ministers, decree of the President of the Republic [3]
8 Mar 1952, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the appointment of a successor [4]
Term: 23 Feb 1955 - 1 Feb 1956
Chronology: 23 Feb 1955, endorsed by the vote of confidence, session of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly), Palais-Bourbon, Paris [5]
23 Feb 1955, appointed on the list of members of the Council of Ministers, decree of the President of the Republic [6]
1 Feb 1956, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the appointment of a successor [7]
Names/titles: Literary pseudonym: Edgar Sanday
Biography:
Son of an army doctor; attended middle schools in Verdun and Narbonne; completed secondary education in the lyceums of Janson de Sailly and Voltaire in Paris; graduated from the School of Eastern Languages with a law degree (licence en droit) and a diploma in Russian; was admitted to the bar in Paris (1929), becoming the youngest lawyer in France at the time; joined the Radical Party (Parti Radical); during the Vichy regime, he fled to Tunisia and then to Algeria (1942); headed the legislative services of the presidency of the French Committee for National Liberation; served as deputy secretary-general of the Provisional Government in Algiers (1944); after the liberation, he worked with Pierre Mendès-France at the economy ministry; attended the Nuremberg trials as the French counsel for the prosecution; unsuccessfully contested the seat in the first (1945-1946) and second (1946) Assemblée nationale constituante (Constituent National Assembly); elected on the radical list to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) as a deputy for Jura (1946-1958), chaired the parliamentary committee for foreign affairs (1952-1953); served as mayor of Port-Lesney, Jura (1947-1970, 1983-1988); appointed secretary of state for finances (13 Feb 1949 - 2 Jul 1950); councilor general of the canton of Villers-Faylay (from 1949); president of the general council of Jura (1949-1967); held a number of ministerial posts during the Fourth Republic; minister of budget (2 Jul 1950 - 11 Aug 1951), minister of justice (11 Aug 1951 - 20 Jan 1952), minister of finance (20 Jan 1952 - 8 Mar 1952), minister of finance and economic affairs (28 Jun 1953 - 19 Jun 1954), minister of finance, economic affairs and planning (19 Jun 1954 - 20 Jan 1955, 14 May 1958 - 1 Jun 1958), minister of foreign affairs (20 Jan 1955 - 23 Feb 1955); two times served as President of the Council of Ministers (20 Jan 1952 - 8 Mar 1952, 23 Feb 1955 - 1 Feb 1956); during his second term as head of government, he obtained special economic powers to deal with the Poujadists' protest movement; partially settled the conflict in North Africa by negotiating the Franco-Tunisian conventions (1955); after the founding of the Fifth Republic, he was elected senator from Jura (1959-1966); passed an agrégation examination for professorship in law (1962); continued to serve in the cabinets of Georges Pompidou, Maurice Couve de Murville and Pierre Messmer as minister of agriculture (8 Jan 1966 - 10 Jul 1968), minister of national education (12 Jul 1968 - 20 Jun 1969), state minister in charge of social affairs (6 Jul 1972 - 28 Mar 1973); elected to the National Assembly (1967, 1968, 1969-1972, 1973-1980) as a deputy for Doubs; councilor general of the canton of Pontarlier (from 1967); vice-president of the general council of the département of Doubs (from 1967); mayor of Pontarlier (1971-1977); President of the National Assembly (2 Apr 1973 - 2 Apr 1978); president of the regional council of Franche-Comté (1974-1981); served as a representative of France in the Assembly of European Communities (1979-1984); elected to the Sénat from the département of Doubs (1980-1988).
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1940-1958, 4:41-44.
Elections:

Vote of investiture (17 Jan 1952 - 18 Jan 1952)
votes cast 502
constitutional majority 313
in favour 401
against 101

Vote of confidence (23 Feb 1955)
votes cast 579
absolute majority 290
in favour 369
against 210
Source of electoral results: Journal officiel de la République française. Débats parlementaires. Compte rendu in extenso des séances de l'Assemblée nationale et du Conseil de la République. N° 9. Vendredi 18 Janvier 1952. P. 285-286; Journal officiel de la République française. Débats parlementaires. Compte rendu in extenso des séances de l'Assemblée nationale et du Conseil de la République. N° 19. Jeudi 24 Février 1955. P. 898-899.

[1] Journal officiel de la République française. Débats parlementaires. Compte rendu in extenso des séances de l'Assemblée nationale et du Conseil de la République. N° 9. Vendredi 18 Janvier 1952. P. 251-278.
[2] The session of the National Assembly started at 16:00 17 Jan 1952 and continued to 01:10 18 Jan 1952; the results of the vote of investiture were announced at 01:05 18 Jan 1952.
[3] Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et Décrets. N° 18. Lundi 21 Janvier 1952. P. 915.
[4] Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et Décrets. N° 60. Samedi 8 Mars 1952. P. 2756.
[5] Journal officiel de la République française. Débats parlementaires. Compte rendu in extenso des séances de l'Assemblée nationale et du Conseil de la République. N° 19. Jeudi 24 Février 1955. P. 866-886.
[6] Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et Décrets. N° 48. Jeudi 24 Février 1955. P. 2072.
[7] Journal officiel de la République française. Lois et Décrets. N° 27. Jeudi 2 Février 1956. P. 1387.
Last updated on: 02 Jan 2010 02:01:07