Bidault, Georges

Georges-Augustin Bidault

b. 5 Oct 1899, Moulins, Allier
d. 27 Jan 1983, Cambo-les-Bains, Pyrénées-atlantiques

Title: Président du Gouvernement provisoire de la République française (President of the Provisional Government of the French Republic)
Term: 19 Jun 1946 - 12 Dec 1946
Chronology: 19 Jun 1946, elected, session of the Assemblée nationale constituante (Constituent National Assembly), Palais-Bourbon, Paris [1]
29 Nov 1946, collective resignation of the Provisional Government (dated 28 Nov 1946) communicated to the Constituent National Assembly, session of the Assembly; session of the Assembly, Palais-Bourbon, Paris; acknowledged [2]
  12 Dec 1946, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [3]
Other offices: Président du Conseil des ministres (President of the Council of Ministers) (28 Oct 1949 - 2 Jul 1950) [see details]
Biography:
Attended the Collège de jésuites de Bollango; participated in the First World War; studied history at the Faculté des lettres, Paris; active in the Roman Catholic youth league (Action catholique de Jeunnese française); taught history at Valenciennes (1925-1926), Reims (1926-1931), Paris (Lycée Louis-le-Grand, 1931-1939); edited the daily L'Aube (1934-1939); recruited to the French army (1940); captured by the Germans (8 May 1940); released (July 1941); worked at a Lyon lyceum (1942-1943); joined the anti-Nazi Resistance; president of the National Council of the Resistance (Conseil national de la Résistance, 1943-1944); served as foreign minister (10 Sep 1944 - 16 Dec 1946) in the Provisional Governments of Charles de Gaulle and Félix Gouin; one of the founders of the Popular Republican Movement (Mouvement républicain populaire, MRP) and its president (from May 1949); elected (21 Oct 1945, 2 Jun 1946) a member of the first and second Constituent National Assembly as a representative of Loire; elected (19 Jun 1946) President of the Provisional Government composed of communists, socialists and members of MRP (approved by the Constituent National Assembly on 25 Jun 1946); retained the office of foreign minister (until 16 Dec 1946); worked out a compromise on Indochina and conducted elections to the National Assembly; elected (10 Nov 1946) a member of the National Assembly as a representative of Loire (served 1946-1958); foreign minister (22 Jan 1947 - 26 Jul 1948) in the Cabinets of Paul Ramadier and Robert Schuman; President of the Council of Ministers (28 Oct 1949 - 2 Jul 1950) and Vice-President of the Council (2 Jul 1950 - 12 Jul 1950, 10 Mar 1951 - 8 Mar 1952); defense minister (11 Aug 1951 - 8 Mar 1952); elected honorary president of MRP (1952); foreign minister (8 Jan 1953 - 19 Jun 1954); was called to form a government (1 Jun 1953), but failed to obtain the votes of the National Assembly (10 Jun 1953); a candidate to the presidency of French Republic, withdrew after the 2nd round (17 Dec 1953); withdrew from the MPR (1958); refused to form a Cabinet (April 1958) and became one of the founders of the Christian Democratic Movement (Démocratie chrétienne de France); president of the Executive Council of the Rally for the French Algeria (Rassemblement pour l'Algérie française); was accused of "conspiring against the state security" (July 1962) and had to live five years in exile (Brazil 1962-1967, Belgium 1967-1968); returned to France (June 1968); a founder of the Movement for Justice and Liberty (Mouvement pour la justice et la liberté).
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1940-1958, 2:309.
Elections:

Candidate Vote (19 Jun 1946)
votes cast 545
blank 161
valid votes 384
absolute majority 294
Georges-Augustin Bidault 384
Source of electoral results: Journal officiel de la République française. Débats de l'Assemblée Nationale Constituante. Année 1946. N° 64. Jeudi, 20 juin 1946. P. 2549.

[1] Journal officiel de la République française. Débats de l'Assemblée Nationale Constituante. Année 1946. N° 64. Jeudi, 20 juin 1946. P. 2549.
[2] Journal officiel de la République française. Débats parlementaires. Compte rendu in extenso des séances de l'Assemblée nationale et du Conseil de la République. Année 1946. N° 112. Vendredi, 29 novembre 1946. P. 4.
[3] Journal officiel de la République française. Débats parlementaires. Compte rendu in extenso des séances de l'Assemblée nationale et du Conseil de la République. Année 1946. N° 118. Vendredi, 13 décembre 1946. P. 84.
Last updated on: 28 Aug 2012 05:56:29