Voulland, Jean-Henri

Jean-Henri Voulland

b. 11 Oct 1751, Uzès, Gard
d. 12 Feb 1801, Paris

Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 6 Dec 1793 - 21 Dec 1793
Chronology: 6 Dec 1793, elected, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [1]
7 Dec 1793, assumed the chair, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [2]
21 Dec 1793, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [3]
Biography:
Descended from a Protestant family, although later strenuously asserted his own Catholic persuasion; educated in jurisprudence; became advocate at the Parlement of Paris (1 Jul 1779); practiced in Toulouse, Uzès, Nîmes; served as viguier and judge (from 11 Dec 1784) at Uzès; lieutenant principal of the sénéchaussé of Uzès; elected (28 Mar 1789) as a representative of the Third Estate of Nîmes and Beaucaire to the États-Généraux (Estates-General); served as deputy of the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1789-1791); judge of the Tribunal of the district of Uzès (1791); elected (5 Sep 1792) to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1795) as a deputy for the département of Gard; sat with the Montagnards; voted for the death sentence in the trial of King Louis XVI; sent on mission as a representative of the Convention to the départements of Hérault and Gard (9 Mar 1793 - 30 Apr 1793) for recruitment of 300 thousand soldiers; member of the Comité de sûreté générale (Committee of General Security) (14 Sep 1793 - 27 Aug 1794), where attained publicity for his harshness and violent verbal attacks; served as President of the National Convention (6 Dec 1793 - 21 Dec 1793); supported the coup of 9 Thermidor, Year II (27 Jul 1794), but later (29 Aug 1794) was accused of complicity with Maximilien Robespierre; acquitted by a report of Philippe-Antoine Merlin (de Douai) (27 Dec 1794); following the insurrection of 1 Prairial, Year III (20 May 1795), was named among the Montagnard leaders subject to arrest (1 Jun 1795); went into hiding until the amnesty of 26 Oct 1795; found employment in the offices of the Conseil des Cinq-Cents (Council of Five Hundred) until the coup d'état of 18 Brumaire, Year VIII (9 Nov 1799 - 10 Nov 1799).
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 609-610; Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 5:549; Dictionnaire des Constituants, 2:943-944.
Elections:

Candidate Votes (6 Dec 1793)
Jean-Henri Voulland 106
voters/absolute majority 144/73
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 81:61; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 27:35.

[1] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 81:61; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 27:35.
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 81:95.
[3] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 82:112; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 28:21.
Last updated on: 09 Sep 2012 11:47:55