Thuriot, Jacques-Alexis

Jacques-Alexis Thuriot, dit Thuriot de la Rosière

b. 1 May 1753, Sézanne, Marne, France [1]
d. 20 Jun 1829, Liège, Kingdom of the Netherlands (now in Belgium)

Title: Vice-Président de la Convention nationale (Vice-President of the National Convention)
Term: 9 Apr 1793 - 18 Apr 1793
Chronology: 9 Apr 1793, elected, assumed the chair immediately upon the proclamation of election, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [2][3]
18 Apr 1793, expiration of term in accordance with the resolution of the National Convention of 9 Apr 1793 [4]
Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 27 Jun 1793 - 11 Jul 1793
Chronology: 27 Jun 1793, elected, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [5][6]
28 Jun 1793, assumed the chair, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [5]
11 Jul 1793, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [7]
Names/titles: Spelling of surname in baptismal record: Thuriau; chevalier Thuriot de la Rosière, chevalier de l'Empire [from 16 May 1813]
Biography:

Admitted to the bar in Paris (1778); practiced law at Reims before the outbreak of the Revolution in 1789; as a negotiator, took part in the events of 14 Jul 1789, when the Bastille was stormed; was named a tribunal judge for the district of Sézanne (1790); became a member of the Jacobin Club; elected to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792) as a representative of the département of Marne; Vice President of the National Assembly (17 Sep 1792 - 21 Sep 1792); deputy member of the Commission extraordinaire des Douze (Extraordinary Commission of Twelve) (18 Jun 1792 - 21 Sep 1792); elected (3 Sep 1792) to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1795) as a deputy for the département of Marne; voted for the death sentence in the trial of King Louis XVI; on many occasions spoke against the Girondins and called Maximilien Robespierre "moderate"; served as Vice-President (9 Apr 1793 - 18 Apr 1793) and President of the National Convention (27 Jun 1793 - 11 Jul 1793); was elected to the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) (10 Jul 1793 - 20 Sep 1793, 31 Jul 1794 - 5 Dec 1794); in absence of Jean-Marie Collot d'Herbois, chaired part of the session of the Convention on 9 Thermidor, Year II (27 Jul 1794), refusing to allow Robespierre to make a speech; was elected president of the Jacobin Club (5 Aug 1794 - 24 Aug 1794); accused of preparing the Jacobin insurrection against the Convention; ordered to be arrested (21 May 1795); escaped and went into hiding until the amnesty of 26 Oct 1795; appointed (14 Nov 1796) a commissioner to the civil and criminal tribunals of Marne; served as deputy judge and judge in the criminal tribunal of Seine; assumed positions in the imperial court of appeals; banished as a regicide (1816) and died in exile.

Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 587-588; Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 5:419-420.
Elections:

Candidate Votes (9 Apr 1793)
Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de la Rosière 118
voters/absolute majority 196/99

Candidate Votes (27 Jun 1793)
Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de la Rosière absolute majority
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 61:497; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 9:187; Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 67:603; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 14:373.

[1] Thuriot was born and baptised 1 May 1753 as is evident from his baptismal record preserved in the Archives of the Marne département, register of baptisms, marriages and burials in the parish of Saint-Denis, Sézanne, 2 E 629/22, 1746-1757, p. 183 (digital copy).
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 61:497; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 9:187.
[3] Elected to serve as vice-président until the end of the term of President Jean-François-Bertrand Delmas, who entered the Committee of Public Safety (7 Apr 1793) and was not able to preside at each session of the Convention ("... vice-président, lequel remplacera le président actuel pendant la durée de l'exercice...") [ Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 61:494]. Thuriot presided at most of the sessions from 9 Apr 1793 to 18 Apr 1793. Delmas assumed the chair at the evening session of 18 Apr 1793, when Marc-David Alba, dit Lasource was elected president and immediately replaced his predecessor.
[4] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 61:494.
[5] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 67:603.
[6] Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 14:373.
[7] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 68:583.
Last updated on: 03 May 2016 05:08:17