Isnard, Maximin

Honoré-Maximin Isnard

b. 24 Feb 1758, Grasse, Var [1]
d. 12 Mar 1825, Grasse, Var

Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 16 May 1793 - 30 May 1793
Chronology: 16 May 1793, elected, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [2]
17 May 1793, assumed the chair, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [3]
30 May 1793, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [4]
Names/titles: First name also recorded as: Henri-Maximin; baron Isnard, baron de l'Empire (baron Isnard, baron of the Empire) [from 2 Oct 1813]
Biography:
Born in the family of a rich merchant; was engaged in trade and established a perfumery business at Draguignan; elected to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792) as a representative of the département of Var; sided with the Girondins; demanded the disbandment of the king's bodyguard, reproached King Louis XVI for infidelity to the Constitution; elected (5 Sep 1792) to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1793, 1794-1795) as a deputy for Var; voted for the death sentence in the trial of Louis XVI; reported on the creation of the Comité de salut public (Committee of Public Safety) on 6 Apr 1793; served as President of the National Convention (16 May 1793 - 30 May 1793) during the final days of confrontation between the Girondins and the Montagnards [5]; avoided the proscription together with the Girondin deputies decreed by the National Convention (2 Jun 1793); was forced to subscribe to "voluntarily" suspension of his functions as deputy (2 Jun 1793); arrested on orders of the Commune of Paris (28 Sep 1793); escaped and went into hiding; returned to politics and regained his seat in the National Convention (4 Dec 1794) after the Thermidorian coup d'état; was elected (14 Oct 1795) to the Corps législatif; selected to sit in the Conseil des Cinq-Cents (Council of Five Hundred) as a deputy for Var (1795-1797); retired from politics and devoted himself to literature; published Proscription d'Isnard (1795), Réflexions relatives au sénatus-consulte du 28 floréal an XII (1804), Dithyrambe sur l'immortalité de l'âme (1805); was not proscribed as regicide due to religious and royalist sentiments expressed in his writings.
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 337-340; Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 3:384-386.
Elections:

Candidate Votes (16 May 1793)
Honoré-Maximin Isnard 202
Jacques-Alexis Thuriot de la Rosière n/a
voters/absolute majority 332/167
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 64:768; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 12:18.

[1] Birth date is disputed; 24 Feb 1758 is given according to Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, Dictionnaire de biographie française, vol. 18, Dictionnaire historique de la Révolution française, other sources assert that Isnard was born a) 16 Feb 1751, b) 1755, c) 18 Feb 1758.
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 64:768; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 12:18.
[3] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 65:1.
[4] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 65:628; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 12:276; Moniteur universel, 1er semestre de 1793, p. 659.
[5] A violent incident caused by energetic response of Isnard to the petition of the Parisian section of Cité and verbal attacks of Jean-Paul Marat forced Isnard to abandon the chair amidst the session of 27 May 1793. Jean-Baptiste Boyer-Fonfrède and then Marie-Jean Hérault de Séchelles chaired the rest of the meeting.
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:14:32