Charlier, Louis-Joseph

Louis-Joseph Charlier

b. 24 Sep 1754, Châlons-sur-Marne, Marne
d. 23 Feb 1797, Paris

Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 3 Oct 1793 - 22 Oct 1793
Chronology: 3 Oct 1793, elected, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [1]
4 Oct 1793, assumed the chair, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [2]
22 Oct 1793, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [3][4]
Names/titles: Sometimes referred to as Charles.
Biography:
Son of a surgeon; practised law in his hometown; administrator of the district of Châlons-sur-Marne; elected (4 Sep 1791) as a representative of Marne to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792); sat with the extreme left; deputy member of the Commission extraordinaire des Douze (Extraordinary Commission of Twelve) (18 Jun 1792 - 21 Sep 1792); was elected to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1795) as a deputy for Marne; voted for the death sentence in the trial of King Louis XVI; ardent Montagnard, demanded harsh measures against the Girondins; argued against military recruitment, preferring a levée en masse if needed; strongly supported making public education mandatory; served as President of the National Convention (3 Oct 1793 - 22 Oct 1793); participated in verbal attacks on Maximilien Robespierre during the Thermidorian coup; sent on a mission to Lyon (Commune-Affranchie) as a representative of the Convention (21 Aug 1794 - 1 Dec 1794), behaved with notable moderation; a motion for his arrest was rejected by the Convention (20 May 1795); as a former deputy of the Convention, entered the Conseil des Anciens (Council of Ancients) (1795-1797); manifested signs of mental disease and committed suicide.
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 129-130; Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 2:55.
Elections:

Candidate Votes (3 Oct 1793)
Louis-Joseph Charlier 145
voters/absolute majority 212/107
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 75:717; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 23:63.

[1] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 75:717; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 23:63.
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 76:1.
[3] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 77:430; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 24:35.
[4] The resolution of the Convention passed 6 Oct 1793 fixed the dates for election of president and secretaries to be held on the first and sixteenth day of each month in the French Republican calendar which had been introduced 5 Oct 1793 ( Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 76:156). Charlier continued to serve as president until the first election held 1 Brumaire, Year II (22 Oct 1793).
  Image: a lithograph preserved at the Archives of the Department of Marne (Ic 1023).
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:15:30