Moïse-Antoine-Pierre-Jean Bayle

b. 16 Jul 1755, Chêne, near Geneva
d. c. 1811/1813, Malmédy, Ourthe, France (?)

Title: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention)
Term: 22 Oct 1793 - 6 Nov 1793
Chronology: 22 Oct 1793, elected, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [1]
23 Oct 1793, assumed the chair, session of the National Convention, salle des Machines, Palais national des Tuileries, Paris [2]
6 Nov 1793, ceased to exercise the functions of office upon the election of a successor [3]
Biography:
Originated from a Protestant family immigrated to Switzerland; moved to Marseille, where practised law; served as procureur général-syndic of the département of Bouches-du-Rhône (1791); elected to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1795) as a deputy for the département of Bouches-du-Rhône; was one of the most fanatic revolutionaries; served on the committees for commerce and legislation; voted for the death sentence in the trial of Louis XVI, demanding that the king be executed within 24 hours; as a representative of the Convention (9 Mar 1793 - 30 Apr 1793), sent to the départements Drôme and Bouches-du-Rhône to oversee the levy of 300,000 soldiers; recalled because of a conflict with the local political establishment (mostly Girondin); prolonged debate in the Convention ended with his total vindication (31 May 1793); appointed a member of the Comité de sûreté générale (Committee of General Security) (14 Sep 1793 - 1 Sep 1794), which became his center of power; served as President of the National Convention (22 Oct 1793 - 6 Nov 1793); although a zealous supporter of the Terror, he made an enemy of Maximilien Robespierre, which shielded him during the Thermidor reaction; continued to defend the Terror; was implicated in the revolt of 1 Prairial, Year III (20 May 1795) and was indicted, but managed to elude imprisonment until amnestied (26 Oct 1795); made an enemy of Paul Barras, who apparently kept him from employment, except for a brief subordinate position in the ministry of police; proscribed after the attempt of assassination of Napoléon Bonaparte (24 Dec 1800), he went into exile in Switzerland, returning in 1803; died in obscurity.
Biographical sources: Dictionnaire des Conventionnels, 41-42; Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889, 1:211-212.
Elections:

Candidate Votes (22 Oct 1793)
Moïse-Antoine-Pierre-Jean Bayle 208
voters/absolute majority n/a
Source of electoral results: Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 77:430; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 24:35.

[1] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 77:430; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 24:35.
[2] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 77:440-463.
[3] Archives parlementaires - Série 1, 78:505; Procès-verbal de la Convention nationale, 25:31.
Last updated on: 07 Sep 2012 09:42:01