GUADET, Marguerite-Élie

Marguerite-Élie Guadet

b. 20 Jul 1758, Saint-Émilion, Gironde
d. 19 Jun 1794, Bordeaux [1, p. 197]

Title: Président de l'Assemblée nationale (President of the National Assembly)
Term: 22 Jan 1792 - 5 Feb 1792
Chronology: 22 Jan 1792, election as president proclaimed by the National Assembly, session of the Assembly, Salle du Manège, Paris; assumed the chair immediately upon the proclamation of election [2, vol. XXXVII, p. 585]
5 Feb 1792, expiration of term; successor elected and proclaimed [2, vol. XXXVIII, p. 188]
Names/titles: Président de la Convention nationale (President of the National Convention) (18 Oct 1792 - 1 Nov 1792) [see details]
Biography:
Born in the family of a Bordeaux magistrate; brought up at home until the age of 15; the widow of a rich merchant in Bordeaux paid for his education at the collège of Guyenne; he eventually inherited 20,000 livres from that same widow, and went on to study law in Bordeaux; left for Paris in the mid-1770's, where he worked as personal secretary to Élie de Beaumont, lawyer and friend of Voltaire; returned to Bordeaux (1781) to take up a position as avocat au Parlement; was among the founders of the Jacobin club in Bordeaux; was elected (1790) a member of the administration of the département of Gironde; elected (28 Mar 1791) president of the Criminal Tribunal of the Gironde; elected (1 Sep 1791) as a representative of the Gironde to the Assemblée nationale (National Assembly) (1791-1792); was a member of the Society of the Friends of Blacks, and criticised French plantation owners in Saint-Domingue; joined the Jacobin Club in Paris; was a prominent leader of the Girondin faction and an acerbic speaker, who had several barbed exchanges with Maximilien Robespierre; served as Vice President (10 Jan 1792 - 22 Jan 1792) and President (22 Jan 1792 - 5 Feb 1792) of the National Assembly; was instrumental in forcing King Louis XVI to appoint the first Girondin ministry (March 1792); was among the first deputies to condemn Jean-Paul Marat (1792); appointed a member of the Commission extraordinaire des Douze (Extraordinary Commission of Twelve) (18 Jun 1792 - 21 Sep 1792); remained a royalist and supporter of constitutional monarchy; was elected to the Convention nationale (National Convention) (1792-1794) as a deputy for Gironde; served as President of the National Convention (18 Oct 1792 - 1 Nov 1792); voted for an appeal to the people and for the death sentence in the trial of Louis XVI; as a result of the Jacobin coup, he was put on the list of 29 Girondin deputies subject to arrest (2 Jun 1792); fled from Paris to Caen, and then on to Brittany; was eventually captured in his father's house at Saint-Émilion, Gironde (17 Jun 1794); executed at Bordeaux (19 Jun 1794). Biography source: [1; 3]

Elections:

Candidate Votes (22 Jan 1792)
Marguerite-Élie Guadet 232
voters 270
Information source: [2, vol. XXXVII, p. 585]

[1] "La proscription des Girondins (1793-1795)", by Claude Perroud (Paris: F. Alcan, 1917)
[2] Archives parlementaires. Série 1,
[3] Dictionnaire des parlementaires français 1789-1889,
Last updated on: 04 Oct 2013 12:13:36