Finland: Heads of State: 1919-2017

The Constitution of 1919 (effective 1919-2000) and the Constitution of 1999 (effective from 2000) routinely refer to the office as Tasavallan Presidentti (Finnish) and Republikens President (Swedish). The style referred to in the presidential affirmation of office in both Constitutions is Suomen tasavallan presidentti (Finnish) and President för republiken Finland (Swedish).
Tasavallan Presidentti = Republikens President | President of the Republic
26 Jul 1919 - 1 Mar 1925 Karlo Juho Ståhlberg [1]
1 Mar 1925 - 1 Mar 1931 Lauri Kristian Relander [2
1 Mar 1931 - 1 Mar 1937 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud af Qvalstad
1 Mar 1937 - 19 Dec 1940 Kyösti Kallio [3][4]
Pääministeri = Statsminister | Prime Minister (ex officio)
19 Dec 1940 - 21 Dec 1940 Risto Heikki Ryti [5]
Tasavallan Presidentti = Republikens President | President of the Republic
21 Dec 1940 - 4 Aug 1944 Risto Heikki Ryti (x)
4 Aug 1944 - 11 Mar 1946 vapaaherra (= friherre) Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim
11 Mar 1946 - 1 Mar 1956 Juho Kusti Paasikivi [6]
1 Mar 1956 - 27 Jan 1982 Urho Kaleva Kekkonen
27 Jan 1982 - 1 Mar 1994 Mauno Henrik Koivisto
1 Mar 1994 - 1 Mar 2000 Martti Oiva Kalevi Ahtisaari
1 Mar 2000 - 1 Mar 2012 Tarja Kaarina Halonen
1 Mar 2012 - Sauli Väinämö Niinistö

[1] Original name: Carl Johan Ståhlberg
[2] Original name: Lars Kristian Relander
[3] Original name: Gustaf Kalliokangas
[4] Suomen kansanhallituksen puheenjohtaja | Chairman of the People's Government of Finland (in dissidence)
  1 Dec 1939 - 12 Mar 1940 Otto Ville Kuusinen (original name: Otto Wilhelm Kuusinen)
[5] Original name: Risto Henrik Ryti
[6] Original name: Johan August Hellstén
Last updated on: 09 May 2017 09:11:03