Finland: Heads of State: 1917-1919

Suomen Eduskunnan puhemies = Finlands Lantdagens talman | Speaker of the Diet of Finland [1]
27 Oct/9 Nov 1917 - 14/27 Nov 1917 Otto Johannes Lundson
Suomen Senaatin puheenjohtaja = Finlands Senatens ordförande | Chairman of the Senate of Finland [2]
14/27 Nov 1917 - 12 Dec 1918 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud af Qvalstad [3][4]
Valtioneuvosto: Pääministeri = Statsrådet: Statsminister | Council of State: Prime Minister [5]
12 Dec 1918 - 23 Dec 1918 Lars Johannes Ingman [4]
Valtionhoitaja = Riksföreståndare | Regent
12 Dec 1918 - 26 Jul 1919 Friherre (= Vapaaherra) Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim [6]

[1] The Eduskunta (Diet) began to exercise sovereign authority de facto by passing a resolution on appointment of a Council of Regency (27 Oct/9 Nov 1917), which was not implemented; the Eduskunta assumed sovereign authority de iure 2/15 Nov 1917 and continued to exercise some authority pertaining to a head of state until 18 May 1918.
[2] Svinhufvud was authorised to exercise supreme authority by the Eduskunta (18 May 1918) but continued as Chairman of the Senate. It was common to refer to him as Valtionhoitja (regent) in the press, but he was never officially designated to hold this office. The resignation of Svinhufvud as holder of the supreme authority was accepted by the Eduskunta 12 Dec 1918 and Mannerheim was officially approved as Valtionhoitja the same day.
[3] Suomen kansanvaltuuskunnan puheenjohtaja | Chairman of the People's Delegation of Finland (in dissidence)
  28 Jan 1918 - 17? Apr 1918 Kullervo Akilles Manner
  17 Apr 1918 - 21 Apr 1918 Lauri Aukusti Letonmäki
[4] From 9 Oct 1918 to 14 Dec 1918 nominally for Friedrich Karl Ludwig Konstantin, Prinz und Landgraf zu Hessen, who was elected King of Finland (9 Oct 1918), but declined to accept the crown. His decision was communicated by a letter (14 Dec 1918) addressed to the Finnish ambassador in Berlin. The Council of State of Finland published the letter in the official gazette 28 Dec 1918 (Suomalainen Wirallinen lehti, No. 232, 28 Dec 1918, p. 1).
[5] Pending the taking office by the Regent who landed in Turku 22 Dec 1918 and arrived to Helsinki 23 Dec 1918.
[6] During this tenure, signs Kustaa Mannerheim.
Last updated on: 24 Apr 2017 14:50:18