Finland: Heads of State: 1917-1919

Suomen Eduskunnan puhemies = Finlands Lantdagens talman [1]
27 Oct/9 Nov 1917 - 14/27 Nov 1917 Otto Johannes Lundson
Suomen Senaatin puheenjohtaja = Finlands Senatens ordförande [2]
14/27 Nov 1917 - 18 May 1918 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud af Qvalstad [3]
Valtionhoitaja = Riksföreståndare [4]
18 May 1918 - 12 Dec 1918 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud af Qvalstad (x)
12 Dec 1918 - 27 Jul 1919 Friherre (= Vapaaherra) Carl Gustaf Emil Mannerheim [5]

[1] The Eduskunta (Diet) begins to exercise sovereign authority de facto by passing a resolution on appointment of a Council of Regency (27 Oct/9 Nov 1917), which is not implemented; 2/15 Nov 1917 the Eduskunta assumes sovereign authority de iure; continues to exercise some authority pertaining to a Head of State until 18 May 1918.
[2] Informally, and sometimes officially, styled Pääministeri = Statsminister.
[3] Suomen kansanvaltuuskunnan puheenjohtaja (in dissidence)
  28 Jan 1918 - 17? Apr 1918 Kullervo Akilles Manner
  17 Apr 1918 - 21 Apr 1918 Lauri Aukusti Letonmäki
[4] From 10 Oct 1918 to 14 Dec 1918 nominally for Friedrich Karl Ludwig Konstantin, Prinz und Landgraf zu Hessen, who was elected King of Finland, but refused to accept the crown (29 Dec 1918).
[5] During this tenure, signs Kustaa Mannerheim.
Last updated on: 17 Feb 2010 13:38:02