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Ethiopia: Heads of State: 1855-1974

Ruler names are marked as follows: [+] marks baptismal name (yəkrəstəna səm) when it is different from common name; [·] separates common and/or baptismal name from the throne name (səma mängəśtu); ’Abba {...} is the horse name (yäfäräs səm), literally referred to as "Father of {...}", where {...} is the name of the iconic horse. In the 19th century many princes and other noblemen were referred to by their "horse names".
Śəyumä ’Əgzi’äbḥer Nəguśä Nägäśt zä ’Ityoṗṗya
9 Feb 1855 - 13 Apr 1868 Kassa Haylä Giyorgis +Śahla Dəngəl · Tewoderos II Abba Taţäq
11 Jun 1868 - 11 Jul 1871 Gobäze Gäbrä Mädḥani +Täklä Giyorgis II Abba Jahid
? Sep 1871 - 10 Mar 1889 Kassa Mərḉä Golja +Yoḥannəs IV ’Abba Bäzbəz Qäy
? Mar 1889 - 12 Dec 1913 Mənilək Bäšäh Wəräd +Śahlä Maryam Ḫaylä Mäläkot · Mənilək II ’Abba Dañaw
12 Dec 1913 - 27 Sep 1916 ’Iyasu V Mika’el +Kəflä Ya‘qob ’Abba Ṭena
Śəyəmtä ’Əgzi’äbḥer Nəgəśtä Nägäśt zä’Ityoṗṗya
27 Sep 1916 - 2 Apr 1930 Zäwditu Mənilək +Askalä Maryam
Śəyumä ’Əgzi’äbḥer Nəguśä Nägäśt zä ’Ityoṗṗya
2 Apr 1930 - 9 May 1936 Täfäri Mäkonnən +Ḫaylä Śəllase · Ḫaylä Śəllase I ’Abba Ṭäqəl
Imperatore d’Etiopia [1][2]
9 May 1936 - 5 May 1941 Vittorio Emanuele III (Vittorio Emanuele Ferdinando Maria Gennaro) [3]
Śəyumá ’Əgzi’äbḥer Nəguśä Nägäśt zä ’Ityoṗṗya
18 Jan 1941 - 12 Sep 1974 Täfäri Mäkonnən +Ḫaylä Śəllase · Ḫaylä Śəllase I ’Abba Ṭäqəl (x)

[1] In the context of the Italian colony Africa Orientale Italiana
[2] The use of the title Imperatore d’Etiopia was informally discontinued after 23 Sep 1943; official change of the royal style was sanctioned by the decree of 27 Nov 1943 (period of application backdated to 8 Sep 1943; published in Gazzetta Ufficiale del Regno d’Italia, No. 4, 8 Dec 1943).
[3] Also in Italy and Albania.
Last updated on: 24 Oct 2015 02:08:25