Estonia: Polity Style: 1918-2016

15/28 Nov 1917 Provisional Diet (Ajutine Maanõukogu) is proclaimed to be the holder of high state authority, resolution of the Diet of 15/28 Nov 1917 (Maanõukogu Proceedings, 273-274) [1]
10/23 Feb 1918 declared an independent state in accordance with a manifesto issued by the Council of Elders (Vanematekogu) on behalf of the Provisional Diet (Ajutine Maanõukogu) in Pärnu (Teataja, No. 1, 12/25 Feb 1918, p. 1)
10/23 Feb 1918 - 12/25 Feb 1918 Eesti Vabariik | Republic of Estonia
11/24 Feb 1918 national government takes office; independence manifesto is distributed in Tallinn (solemn proclamation follows 12/25 Feb 1918) [2]
12/25 Feb 1918 armed forces of the German Reich occupy Tallinn and, subsequently, the territory of Estonia
11 Nov 1918 national government takes office in Tallinn
11 Nov 1918 - 21 Jul 1940 Eesti Vabariik | Republic of Estonia
21 Jul 1940 - 8 May 1990 continued in Estonia (Soviet Republic)
8 May 1990 official use of Eesti Nõukogude Sotsialistlik Vabariik (Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic) is declared invalid, Eesti Vabariik (Republic of Estonia) is restored as official name of the state in accordance with a law passed by the Ülemnõukogu 8 May 1990 with immediate effect (Supreme Council Records, No. 14 [934], 18 May 1990, Art. 239)
8 May 1990 - Eesti Vabariik | Republic of Estonia
20 Aug 1991 resolution of national legislature on restoration of statehood

[1] The Diet held its last meeting 15/28 Nov 1917 before it was prevented from holding sessions by a military revolutionary committee in Tallinn, representing the Soviet Russian government.
[2] Some versions of the independence manifesto are dated "Tallinn, 21 Feb 1918" (ERA.2124.2.191).
Last updated on: 30 Oct 2016 13:46:00