Estonia: Heads of State: 1918-1940

Eesti Ajutine Valitsus [1]
11 Nov 1918 - 12 Nov 1918  
Eesti Ajutise Valitsuse peaministri asetäitja [2]
12 Nov 1918 - 20 Nov 1918 Jaan Poska
Eesti Ajutise Valitsuse peaminister
12 Nov 1918 - 8 May 1919 Konstantin Päts (x)
Peaminister [3]
8 May 1919 - 18 Nov 1919 Otto August Strandman
18 Nov 1919 - 28 Jul 1920 Jaan Tõnisson
28 Jul 1920 - 30 Jul 1920 Aadu (Ado) Birk
30 Jul 1920 - 26 Oct 1920 Jaan Tõnisson (x)
26 Oct 1920 - 21 Dec 1920 Ants (Hans) Piip
Riigivanem
21 Dec 1920 - 25 Jan 1921 Ants (Hans) Piip (x)
25 Jan 1921 - 21 Nov 1922 Konstantin Päts (x)
21 Nov 1922 - 2 Aug 1923 Juhan (Johannes) Kukk
2 Aug 1923 - 26 Mar 1924 Konstantin Päts (x)
26 Mar 1924 - 16 Dec 1924 Friedrich Karl Akel
16 Dec 1924 - 15 Dec 1925 Jüri Jaakson
15 Dec 1925 - 9 Dec 1927 Jaan Teemant
9 Dec 1927 - 4 Dec 1928 Jaan Tõnisson (x)
4 Dec 1928 - 9 Jul 1929 August Rei (x)
9 Jul 1929 - 12 Feb 1931 Otto August Strandman (x)
12 Feb 1931 - 19 Feb 1932 Konstantin Päts (x)
19 Feb 1932 - 19 Jul 1932 Jaan Teemant (x)
19 Jul 1932 - 7 Nov 1932 Karl August Einbund [4]
7 Nov 1932 - 18 May 1933 Konstantin Päts (x)
18 May 1933 - 21 Oct 1933 Jaan Tõnisson (x)
21 Oct 1933 - 24 Jan 1934 Konstantin Päts (x)
Peaminister Riigivanema ülesannetes
24 Jan 1934 - 3 Sep 1937 Konstantin Päts (x)
Riigihoidja [5]
3 Sep 1937 - 24 Apr 1938 Konstantin Päts (x)
Vabariigi President
24 Apr 1938 - 23 Jul 1940 Konstantin Päts (x)
Peaminister Vabariigi Presidendi ülesannetes
23 Jul 1940 - 25 Aug 1940 Johannes Vares [6]

[1] Membership (present in Tallinn 11 Nov 1918 - 12 Nov 1918): Jaan Poska, Jaan Raamot, Juhan (Johannes) Kukk, Ferdinand Peterson.
[2] Pending the taking office by Eesti Ajutise Valitsuse peaminister.
[3] In accordance with the Provisional Constitution of Estonia ("Eesti Vabariigi valitsemise ajutise korra", effective 9 Jul 1919 - 20 Dec 1920), the government is charged with supreme power, while Asutava Kogu esimees (August Rei, in office 23 Apr 1919 - 20 Dec 1920) is named the "legal representative of the Republic."
[4] From 22 Feb 1935 Kaarel August Eenpalu.
[5] From 1 Jan 1938 pending the election and installation of a Vabariigi President
[6] Always referred to as Vares-Barbarus (literary byname: Barbarus).
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 03:20:00