El Salvador: Polity Style: 1821-2016

21 Sep 1821 - 9 Feb 1823 Provincia de San Salvador
10 Feb 1823 - 1 Jul 1823 incorporated into Mexico
1 Jul 1823 - 22 Apr 1824 Provincia de San Salvador
1 Jul 1823 - 2 Feb 1841 forms a part of the Central-American Federation
22 Apr 1824 - 18 Feb 1859 Estado del Salvador
18 Feb 1859 proclamation of the Republic by legislative resolution promulgated as a decree 18 Feb 1859 [1]
18 Feb 1859 - 17 Sep 1896 República del Salvador (also República de El Salvador) [2][3]
15 Sep 1896 forms a part of the Central-American Federation and retains sovereignty and independence upon the exchange of the ratifications of the Treaty of Union signed at Amapala, Honduras, 20 Jun 1895 [4]
17 Sep 1896 change in the polity style is prescribed by Art. 27 of the Standing Orders of the Diet of the Central-American Federation (Reglamento Interior de la Dieta de la República Mayor de Centro-América) passed by the Diet 17 Sep 1896 in San Salvador [5]
17 Sep 1896 - 25 Nov 1898 Estado del Salvador (also Estado de El Salvador)
25 Nov 1898 resumes full sovereignty and independence (decree of 25 Nov 1898)
25 Nov 1898 - 1 Oct 1921 República de El Salvador [6]
9 Jun 1915 use of the form "El Salvador" as part of the official name of the Republic is legally certified (resolution passed by Asamblea Nacional Legislativa 7 Jun 1915, promulgated as decree 8 Jun 1915, published 9 Jun 1915) [7]
1 Oct 1921 forms a part of the Central-American Federation and retains sovereignty and independence upon the taking effect of the Constitution of the Republic of Central America (approved by the Legislative National Assembly of the Federation 9 Sep 1921, becomes effective in accordance with Art. 209 on 1 Oct 1921), name changed in compliance with Art. 1 of the Constitution [8]
1 Oct 1921 - 4 Feb 1922 Estado de El Salvador
4 Feb 1922 resumes full sovereignty and independence (resolution of the Legislative National Assembly of 4 Feb 1922, promulgated as decree 4 Feb 1922, effective on publication 4 Feb 1922) [9]
4 Feb 1922 - República de El Salvador [6]

[1] Full title (Spanish): "Decreto declarando República libre, soberana e independiente, al Estado del Salvador" (approved by the Cámara de Diputados 25 Jan 1859, approved by the Cámara de Senadores 8 Feb 1859; promulgated 18 Feb 1859, published in Gaceta del Salvador, Tomo 7, sábado 19 de marzo 1859, Num. 88, p. 1)
[2] The decree of 18 Feb 1859 did not make explicit provisions for the change in polity style, but República del Salvador is gradually put into official use. The Constitutions of 1864, 1871, 1883 and 1886, including the amended versions of 1872 and 1880, also omitted any official designation, mostly referring to the polity as República del Salvador or in some cases República Salvadoreña, Nación Salvadoreña and/or Salvador.
[3] The first appearances of República de El Salvador are documented in 1890 when, for instance, the title of the official gazette was changed from "República del Salvador - Centro América" to "República de El Salvador - Centro América" (7 Oct 1890). It reverted to the original title and then was changed again on several occasions. The references to del Salvador and de El Salvador were used intermittently in official documentation, eventually settling on the use of El Salvador in the early 20th century but it was not legally defined until 1915.
[4] Diario Oficial, Tomo 41, San Salvador, jueves 17 de septiembre de 1896, Num. 217, pp. 1445-1446.
[5] Diario Oficial, Tomo 41, San Salvador, sábado 19 de septiembre de 1896, Num. 219, pp. 1457-1458.
[6] This form is recorded as found in official use, but was not constitutionally sanctioned. It existed in a different form (República del Salvador) as part of the title of the Constituion of 1886 (effective 1886-1939, 1944-1948). After the taking effect of the Constitution of 1939 and in all subsequent Constitutions, the definitions El Salvador and República are used interchangeably when referring to the polity.
[7] Diario Oficial, Tomo 78, San Salvador, miércoles 9 de junio de 1915, Num. 133, pp. 1095.
[8] Diario Oficial, Tomo 91, San Salvador, lunes 19 de septiembre de 1921, Num. 212, pp. 1589-1598.
[9] Diario Oficial, Tomo 92, San Salvador, sábado 4 de febrero de 1922, Num. 29, p. 157.
Last updated on: 06 Sep 2011 13:04:04