El Salvador: Heads of State: 1865-1898

In accordance with the provisions of Art. 31 of the Constitution of 1864, Art. 41 of the Constitution of 1871 (changed to Art. 81 after the amendments of 1872, and to Art. 76 after the amendments of 1880), Art. 74 of the Constitution of 1883, and Art. 80 of the Constitution of 1886, the exercise of executive power is vested into a citizen bearing the title Presidente de la República ("El Poder Ejecutivo será ejercido por un ciudadano que recibirá el título de Presidente de la República..."). The actual use of the styles is as recorded below.
Presidente de la República del Salvador
1 Feb 1865 - 15 Apr 1871 Francisco Javier Dueñas Díaz (x)
Presidente Provisorio de la República del Salvador
16 Mar 1871 - 1 Feb 1872 Santiago González Portillo
Presidente de la República del Salvador
1 Feb 1872 - 1 Feb 1876 Santiago González Portillo (x)
1 Feb 1876 - 1 May 1876 Andrés del Valle Rodríguez
Presidente Provisorio de la República del Salvador
1 May 1876 - 19 Jul 1876 Rafael Zaldívar y Lazo
Presidente de la República del Salvador
19 Jul 1876 - 1 Feb 1880 Rafael Zaldívar y Lazo (x)
Presidente Provisorio de la República del Salvador
2 Feb 1880 - 25 Feb 1880 Rafael Zaldívar y Lazo (x)
Presidente Constitucional de la República del Salvador
25 Feb 1880 - 19 May 1885 Rafael Zaldívar y Lazo (x)
19 May 1885 - 19 Jun 1885 Fernando Figueroa [1]
Presidente Provisional de la República del Salvador [2]
15 May 1885 - 1 Mar 1887 Francisco Menéndez Valdivieso [3]
Presidente Constitucional de la República del Salvador
1 Mar 1887 - 22 Jun 1890 Francisco Menéndez Valdivieso (x)
Presidente Provisional de la República de El Salvador [4][5]
22 Jun 1890 - 1 Mar 1891 Carlos Basilio Ezeta y de León
Presidente Constitucional de la República de El Salvador [5]
1 Mar 1891 - 4 Jun 1894 Carlos Basilio Ezeta y de León (x)
Presidente Provisorio de la República de El Salvador
1 May 1894 - 1 Mar 1895 Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez [6]
Presidente Constitucional de la República de El Salvador
1 Mar 1895 - 17 Sep 1896 Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez (x)
Presidente Constitucional del Estado del Salvador en la República Mayor de Centro América [7]
17 Sep 1896 - 1 Nov 1898 Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez (x)
Gobernador Constitucional del Estado del Salvador
1 Nov 1898 - 13 Nov 1898 Rafael Antonio Gutiérrez (x)

[1] In his capacity as Segundo Designado, he assumes the functions of Presidente (Constitucional) de la República 14 May 1885 in the absence of the incumbent whose resignation takes effect 19 May 1885.
[2] Also in official use: Presidente Provisorio de la República del Salvador and on some occasions Presidente Provisional de la República por la voluntad de los pueblos.
[3] Takes office in Santa Ana (15 May 1885) in opposition to Presidente Constitucional de la República del Salvador whose representatives eventually recognise him as Presidente Provisional de la República del Salvador 19 Jun 1885; enters San Salvador 22 Jun 1885.
[4] Also in official use (in the beginning of term): Presidente Provisional de la República del Salvador and Presidente Provisional del Salvador.
[5] The references to del Salvador and de El Salvador are used intermittently in official documentation in 1890-1891, eventually settling on the use of El Salvador in the period before 17 Sep 1896.
[6] Takes office in Santa Ana (1 May 1894) in opposition to Presidente Constitucional de la República del Salvador who leaves the national territory 4 Jun 1894; enters San Salvador 10 Jun 1894.
[7] Often contracted in official use to Presidente (Constitucional) del Estado del Salvador; references to del Salvador are sometimes replaced with de El Salvador.
Last updated on: 15 Mar 2014 05:58:21