Egypt: Polity Style: 1867-2019

before 8 Jun 1867 a province of the Ottoman Empire
8 Jun 1867 the title of khedive is conferred on the governor of Egypt in accordance with an imperial firman of 8 Jun 1867 (Ottoman Official Gazette, No. 884, 22 Ṣafar 1284/25 Jun 1867, p. 1)
8 Jun 1867 - 19 Dec 1914 al-Khidīwiyya al-Miṣriyya (الخديوية المصرية) = Hıdiviyet-i Mısır (خدیویت مصر) | Khedivate of Egypt
18 Dec 1914 Egypt constituted a protectorate of the United Kingdom in accordance with a proclamation of the commander-in-chief of the British troops dated 18 Dec 1914, Cairo (Egyptian Affairs, No. 170, Extra, 18 Dec 1914)
19 Dec 1914 the Khedivate is abolished, a successor is proclaimed with the title of the Sultan of Egypt in accordance with a proclamation of the commander-in-chief of the British troops dated 19 Dec 1914, Cairo (Egyptian Affairs, No. 171, Extra, 19 Dec 1914)
19 Dec 1914 - 15 Mar 1922 al-Sulṭāna al-Miṣriyya (السلطنة المصرية) | Sultanate of Egypt
15 Mar 1922 Egypt is proclaimed a sovereign and independent state, the Sultan assumed the title of King of Egypt in accordance with a royal proclamation dated 15 Mar 1922, Cairo (Egyptian Affairs, No. 26, Extra, 15 Mar 1922, p. 1)
15 Mar 1922 - 18 Jun 1953 al-Mamlaka al-Miṣriyya (المملكة المصرية) | Kingdom of Egypt
18 Jun 1953 Egypt is declared a republic in accordance with a constitutional declaration issued by the Revolution Command Council on 18 Jun 1953 (Egyptian Affairs, No. 49, Supplement A, 18 Jun 1953)
18 Jun 1953 - 22 Feb 1958 Jumhūriyyat Miṣr (جمهورية مصر) | Republic of Egypt
22 Feb 1958 - 29 Sep 1961 Egypt and Syria are merged into the United Arab Republic in accordance with the proclamation of the results of referendum published 22 Feb 1958
29 Sep 1961 - 2 Sep 1971 al-Jumhūriyya al-ʻArabiyya al-Muttaḥida (الجمهورية العربية المتحدة) | United Arab Republic
29 Sep 1961 United Arab Republic ceased to exist de facto following the secession of Syria
2 Sep 1971 name of the state is changed in accordance with a decree signed 2 Sep 1971
2 Sep 1971 - Jumhūriyyat Miṣr al-ʻArabiyya (جمهورية مصر العربية) | Arab Republic of Egypt

[1] Egypt continued to use the name of al-Jumhūriyya al-ʻArabiyya al-Muttaḥida (الجمهورية العربية المتحدة) to 2 Sep 1971.
Last updated on: 14 Jul 2019 10:53:34