Costa Rica: Polity Style: 1821-2016

11 Oct 1821 idependence of Provincia de Nicaragua y Costa Rica from Spain and incorporation into the Mexican Empire is proclaimed by provincial legislature (diputacion provincial) [1]
12 Nov 1821 Costa Rica is organised as a polity (provincia) upon the installation of an autonomous government at Cartago [Documentos relativos á la independencia, 2:5-6]
12 Nov 1821 - 8 Sep 1824 Provincia de Costa Rica [2]
10 Jan 1822 forms a part the Mexican Empire upon the passing of a resolution of 10 Jan 1822 by a Constituent Assembly (Junta Electoral) convened at Cartago [Documentos relativos á la independencia, 2:70-71]
8 Mar 1823 independence of Costa Rica is proclaimed by the resolution of the Constituent Congress of 8 Mar 1823 [Documentos relativos á la independencia, 2:250]
4 Mar 1824 forms a part of the Central-American Federation upon the passing of a resolution of 4 Mar 1824 by the Constituent National Assembly (Asamblea Nacional Constituyente), accepting the Constitution of the Central-American Federation
4 Mar 1824 - 21 Jan 1825 Estado de Costa Rica
21 Jan 1825 name of the state is changed to Estado libre de Costa Rica in accordance with Art. 17 of the Constitution (Ley Fundamental del Estado) passed by the Constituent Congress (Congreso Constituyente) 21 Jan 1825 (promulgated as decree 25 Jan 1825) [Colección de leyes y decretos, 1:70-94] [3]
21 Jan 1825 - 15 Nov 1838 Estado libre de Costa Rica
15 Nov 1838 resumes full sovereignty and independence (resolution of the Constituent Congress of 14 Nov 1838, promulgated as decree 15 Nov 1838) [Colección de leyes y decretos, 5:282-284]
15 Nov 1838 - 10 Apr 1844 Estado de Costa Rica [4]
10 Apr 1844 name of the state is changed to Estado libre de Costa Rica in accordance with Art. 48 of the Constitution (Constitución Política del Estado libre y soberano de Costa Rica) passed by the Constituent Assembly (Asamblea Constituyente) 9 Apr 1844 (promulgated as decree 10 Apr 1844) [Colección de leyes y decretos, 8:222-269]
10 Apr 1844 - 10 Feb 1847 Estado libre de Costa Rica
10 Feb 1847 name of the state is changed to Estado de Costa Rica in accordance with Art. 21 of the Constitution (Constitución Política) passed by the Constituent Assembly (Asamblea Constituyente) 21 Jan 1847 (promulgated as decree 10 Feb 1847) [Colección de leyes y decretos, 10:1-55]
10 Feb 1847 - 31 Aug 1848 Estado de Costa Rica
31 Aug 1848 name of the state is changed to República de Costa Rica in accordance with a resolution of the Constitutional Congress (Congreso Constitucional) of 30 Aug 1848 (promulgated as decree 31 Aug 1848) [Colección de leyes y decretos, 10:336-338]
31 Aug 1848 - República de Costa Rica

[1] The act passed at León (now in Nicaragua) on 11 Oct 1821 purported to affect all parts of the Provincia de Nicaragua y Costa Rica, including the territory of Costa Rica. In a series of resolutions passed at popular meetings and by municipal councils (Cartago 29 Oct 1821, San José 30 Oct 1821, and others), the communities of Costa Rica supported the act of 11 Oct 1821, but fell short of passing a common act of independence for Costa Rica.
[2] Provincia de Costa Rica, the name most frequently appearing in official use after 12 Nov 1821, was confirmed as a term of reference in Art. 1 of the Constitution (Estatuto Político de la Provincia de Costa Rica) passed by the Congress 19 Mar 1823 [Documentos relativos á la independencia, 2:362].
[3] Notwithstanding a short delay in the promulgation of the Constitution, the new name of the state appeared in official use immediately after it was passed by the Congress (cf. decree of 22 Jan 1825, Colección de leyes y decretos, 1:94-96).
[4] Following the secession from the Central-American Federation, the word "libre" was normally omitted from the name of the state in official use and was occasionally replaced by "soberano".
Last updated on: 12 Jul 2012 22:58:55