Colombia: Polity Style: 1819-2016

11 Sep 1819 territories of Virreinato de Nueva Granada occupied by the army of Venezuela are organized as Provincias libres de la Nueva Granada in accordance with a decree signed 11 Sep 1819 at Santafe de Bogotá by Presidente Interino de la República de Venezuela (Gazeta de Santafe de Bogotá, No. 6, 19 Sep 1819, p. 21)
11 Sep 1819 - 12 Feb 1820 Provincias libres de la Nueva Granada
17 Dec 1819 unification of Venezuela and Nueva Granada into a state under the name of República de Colombia is proclaimed in Art. 1 of the Organic Law passed by the Soberano Congreso de Venezuela 17 Dec 1819 and promulgated the same day (Congreso de Angostura, pp. 247-250; Correo del Orinoco, No. 47, 18 Dec 1819, pp. 2-3)
12 Feb 1820 forms a part of Gran Colombia as Departamento de Cundinamarca when the Organic Law of República de Colombia is promulgated and takes effect in Provincias libres de la Nueva Granada, public meeting, Santafe de Bogotá (Gazeta de la Ciudad de Bogotá, Capital de Departamento de Cundinamarca, No. 31, 27 Feb 1820, p. 118)
12 Feb 1820 - 8 Oct 1821 Departamento de Cundinamarca
8 Oct 1821 territory of Departamento de Cundinamarca is reconstituted as departamentos of Boyacá, Cundinamarca, Cauca and Magdalena, in accordance with a law passed by the Congreso of Gran Colombia 2 Oct 1821 and promulgated 8 Oct 1821 ("Cuerpo de leyes de la República de Colombia" [Bogotá, 1822], 1:160-171) [1]
21 Nov 1831 provinces of the central part of Gran Colombia are organized as a state under the name of Nueva Granada in accordance with Art. 1 of the Organic Law of Nueva Granada passed by the Convención 17 Nov 1831 and promulgated 21 Nov 1831 (Gaceta de Colombia, No. 559, 4 Dec 1831, p. 1)
21 Nov 1831 - 9 May 1834 Estado de la Nueva Granada
17 Dec 1831 use of República de Colombia in inscriptions, seals and other items is replaced with Colombia: Estado de la Nueva Granada in accordance with a law passed by the Convención 15 Dec 1831 and promulgated 1 Mar 1832 (Gaceta de Colombia, No. 564, 22 Dec 1831, p. 2)
1 Mar 1832 Estado de la Nueva Granada and Nueva Granada are used as terms of reference in the Constitution of Nueva Granada passed by the Convención 29 Feb 1832 and promulgated 1 Mar 1832 (Constitución del Estado de la Nueva Granada, pp. I-LVII) [2]
9 May 1834 use of Estado de la Nueva Granada in official documents, seals and other items is replaced with República de la Nueva Granada in accordance with Art. 9 of a law passed by the Senado and Cámara de Representantes 8 May 1834 and promulgated 9 May 1834 (Gaceta de la Nueva Granada, No. 137, 11 May 1834, p. 2; Codificación nacional, 5:179-181) [3]
9 May 1834 - 22 May 1858 República de la Nueva Granada
1 Oct 1843 República de la Nueva Granada and Nueva Granada are used as terms of reference in the Constitution of Nueva Granada passed by Senado and Cámara de Representantes 20 Apr 1843, promulgated 20 Apr 1843 and taking effect on a date (1 Oct 1843) prescribed by Art. 1 of a law passed by Senado and Cámara de Representantes 5 May 1843 and promulgated 7 May 1843 (Gaceta de la Nueva Granada, No. 619, 11 May 1843, pp. 1-4; Constitución Política de la República de la Nueva Granada, pp. I-XXVII) [4]
22 May 1858 name of the state is changed in accordance with Art. 1 of the Constitution of 1858 (passed by Senado and Cámara de Representantes 22 May 1858, effective upon promulgation 22 May 1858) (Gaceta Oficial, No. 2,270, 24 May 1858, pp. 301-304; rectified version in Gaceta Oficial, No. 2,276, 2 Jun 1858, pp. 329-333)
22 May 1858 - 18 Jul 1861 Confederación Granadina
10 Sep 1860 treaty of union between the states of Cauca and Bolívar, constituting Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada, is signed 10 Sep 1860 at Cartagena and becomes fully effective upon the exchange of ratifications at Ciénaga (23 Feb 1861) in accordance with Art. 14 of the treaty [5][6]
10 Sep 1860 - 20 Sep 1861 Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada
18 Jul 1861 government of Confederación Granadina ceased to function de facto upon capturing of head of state by the troops of Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada [7]
20 Sep 1861 treaty of union between the states of Bolívar, Boyacá, Cauca, Cundinamarca, Magdalena, Santander and Tolima, constituting Estados Unidos de Colombia, is approved by the Congreso de Plenipotenciarios in Bogotá 20 Sep 1861 and becomes effective upon the passing of its copy to the government of the Union on the same day as required by Art. 46 of the treaty (Gaceta Oficial del Estado Soberano de Bolívar, No. 180, 6 Oct 1861, pp. 1-3)
20 Sep 1861 - 1 Dec 1885 Estados Unidos de Colombia [8]
1 Dec 1885 name of the state is changed to República de Colombia in accordance with sec. 1 of a provisional constitution ("Acuerdo sobre reforma constitucional") passed by the Consejo Nacional de Delegatarios 30 Nov 1885 and promulgated 1 Dec 1885 (Diario Oficial, No. 6,530, 2 Dec 1885) [9]
1 Dec 1885 - República de Colombia

[1] Since 8 Oct 1821 Departamento de Cundinamarca continued to exist within the borders of the provinces of Bogotá, Antioquia, Mariquita and Neiva.
[2] Constitution of 1832 routinely refers to the polity as Nueva Granada, except for the Constitution's heading, headings of the first chapter and Art. 1, referring to the polity as Estado de la Nueva Granada.
[3] Application of República de la Nueva Granada was extended with the promulgation of a law on stamped paper on 30 May 1835 (Codificación nacional, 5:492-493) and other legislative acts.
[4] Constitution of 1843 routinely refers to the polity as Nueva Granada, except for the Constitution's heading, heading of the first chapter and Art. 1, referring to the polity as República de la Nueva Granada.
[5] The use of Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada is documented in legislation immediately after the signing of the treaty and before the exchange of ratifications.
[6] State of Magdalena joins the treaty of union 4 Dec 1860.
[7] Briefly restored on the territories in state of rebellion against Estados Unidos de Colombia (Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada) until 13 Jan 1863.
[8] This style was not formally abolished until the taking effect of the Constitution of 1886 on 7 Sep 1886 which proclaimed the Constitution of 1863 as having ceased to function prior to the promulgation of the Constitution of 1886.
[9] Promulgated 1 Dec 1885 and immediately took effect despite a provision for approval by the Colombian people found in Art. 3 (Tramitación) of the cited act. The results of a plebiscite held among the members of municipal and community councils were formally announced by the president of the Supreme Court 15 Apr 1886, thus completing the process of approval of Acuerdo.
Last updated on: 15 Jan 2014 03:21:34