Colombia: Heads of State: 1885-1958

Presidente de la República de Colombia [1]
1 Dec 1885 - 18 Sep 1894 Rafael Wenceslao Núñez Moledo [2][3]
Vicepresidente de la República encargado del Poder Ejecutivo
18 Sep 1894 - 7 Aug 1898 Miguel Antonio José Zoylo Cayetano Andrés Avelino de las Mercedes Caro Tobar
7 Aug 1898 - 3 Nov 1898 José Manuel Cayetano Marroquín Ricaurte [4]
Presidente de la República
7 Aug 1898 - 31 Jul 1900 Manuel Antonio Sanclemente Sanclemente [5]
Vicepresidente de la República encargado del Poder Ejecutivo [6]
31 Jul 1900 - 7 Aug 1904 José Manuel Cayetano Marroquín Ricaurte (x) [7]
Presidente de la República
7 Aug 1904 - 27 Jul 1909 José Gregorio Ambrosio Rafael Reyes Prieto
Designado Encargado del Poder Ejecutivo [8]
27 Jul 1909 - 4 Aug 1909 Jorge Marcelo Holguín Mallarino
Presidente de la República de Colombia
4 Aug 1909 - 7 Aug 1910 José Rafael Ramón Eufrasio de Jesús González Valencia
7 Aug 1910 - 7 Aug 1914 Carlos Eugenio Restrepo Restrepo
7 Aug 1914 - 7 Aug 1918 José Vicente Concha Ferreira
7 Aug 1918 - 7 Aug 1922 Marco Fidel Suárez [9]
7 Aug 1922 - 7 Aug 1926 Pedro Nel Ignacio Tomás de Villanueva Ospina Vásquez
7 Aug 1926 - 7 Aug 1930 Miguel Abadía Méndez
7 Aug 1930 - 7 Aug 1934 Enrique Alfredo Olaya Herrera
7 Aug 1934 - 7 Aug 1938 Alfonso López Pumarejo
7 Aug 1938 - 7 Aug 1942 Eduardo Santos Montejo
7 Aug 1942 - 7 Aug 1945 Alfonso López Pumarejo (x)
7 Aug 1945 - 7 Aug 1946 Alberto Lleras Camargo
7 Aug 1946 - 7 Aug 1950 Luis Mariano Ospina Pérez
7 Aug 1950 - 13 Jun 1953 Laureano Eleuterio Gómez Castro
13 Jun 1953 - 10 May 1957 Gustavo Rojas Pinilla
Presidente de la Junta Militar de Gobierno de la República de Colombia
10 May 1957 - 7 Aug 1958 Gabriel París Gordillo

[1] The style (Presidente de la República de Colombia) was tacitly introduced following the installation of the Consejo Nacional de Delegatarios (11 Nov 1885) which functioned as a constituent assembly. The promulgation of a plan of constitutional reform (full title: Acuerdo sobre reforma constitucional) on 1 Dec 1885 effectively changed the name of the state and indirectly confirmed the style in official use. The Constitution of 1886 referred to the office exclusively as Presidente de la República.
[2] Núñez held the office of President of the Republic for four consecutive terms: three constitutional (1 Apr 1884 - 1 Apr 1886, 7 Aug 1886 - 7 Aug 1892, 7 Aug 1892 - 18 Sep 1894) and one provisional (1 Apr 1886 - 7 Aug 1886). He failed to take oath of office at the commencement of three terms (1 Apr 1886, 7 Aug 1886, and 7 Aug 1892), making him a titular holder of the office, legally barred from exercising its functions between the date of commencement of term and the date of swearing-in (1 Apr 1886 - 7 Aug 1886 [complete term], 7 Aug 1886 - 4 Jun 1887, 7 Aug 1892 - 29 Sep 1892). During these periods, the functions were carried out by legal substitutes who used the following style:
  Presidente de la República de Colombia
  1 Apr 1886 - 6 Jan 1887 José María del Campo Serrano
  6 Jan 1887 - 4 Jun 1887 José Eliseo Payán Hurtado
[3] Núñez declined to attend the inauguration on 7 Aug 1892 in Bogotá and later took an oath of office in the presence of two secretaries of state at his residence in Cartagena (29 Sep 1892). However, in a message addressed to the Vice-President of the Republic in charge of the Executive Power Miguel Antonio Caro (dated 29 Sep 1892, Cartagena) Núñez stated that the oath had been taken "for the purposes other than the immediate exercise of authority" (Diario Oficial, No. 8,965, 27 Oct 1892, p. 1393). Despite the swearing-in, Núñez never actually assumed the office in national capital and continued to reside in Cartagena where he died on 18 Sep 1894. Caro exercised the functions of President of the Republic from 7 Aug 1892 to 18 Sep 1894 (date of the death of Núñez) and from 18 Sep 1894 to 7 Aug 1898 (end of term):
  Vicepresidente de la República encargado del Poder Ejecutivo
  7 Aug 1892 - 7 Aug 1898 Miguel Antonio José Zoylo Cayetano Andrés Avelino de las Mercedes Caro Tobar
[4] Pending the taking office by Manuel Antonio Sanclemente Sanclemente.
[5] Prevented from exercising the functions of office (31 Jul 1900) and placed under house arrest (3 Aug 1900) in the town of Villeta. Continued notionally to be regarded as titular holder of the office of Presidente de la República until his death on 19 Mar 1902.
[6] Also in official use: Vicepresidente de la República en ejercicio del Poder Ejecutivo
[7] Presidente de la República de Colombia (in dissidence)
  ? ? 1900 - ? Jul 1900 Gabriel Vargas Santos
[8] Acting for the absent incumbent from 9 Jun 1909.
[9] Original name: Marcos Suárez.
Last updated on: 21 Jan 2019 08:16:21