Colombia: Heads of State: 1860-1885

Supremo Director de la Guerra [1]
Sep? 1860 - 15? Mar 1861 Tomás Cipriano Ignacio María de Mosquera Figueroa y Arboleda Salazar (x) [2]
Presidente Provisorio de los Estados Unidos de Nueva Granada y Supremo Director de la Guerra
15? Mar 1861 - 20 Sep 1861 Tomás Cipriano Ignacio María de Mosquera Figueroa y Arboleda Salazar (x)
Presidente Provisorio de los Estados Unidos de Colombia
20 Sep 1861 - 4 Feb 1863 Tomás Cipriano Ignacio María de Mosquera Figueroa y Arboleda Salazar (x)
Presidente de la Convención Nacional
4 Feb 1863 - 10 Feb 1863 Francisco Javier Martínez de Zaldúa y de Racines [3]
Ministerio Ejecutivo
ministers (ministros):
10 Feb 1863 - 14 May 1863 José de los Santos Gutiérrez Prieto
10 Feb 1863 - 14 May 1863 José Hilario López Valdés
10 Feb 1863 - 14 May 1863 Eustorgio Salgar Moreno
10 Feb 1863 - 14 May 1863 Froilan Largacha Hurtado
10 Feb 1863 - 14 May 1863 Tomás Cipriano Ignacio María de Mosquera Figueroa y Arboleda Salazar (x)
president (presidente):
10 Feb 1863 - 14 May 1863 Eustorgio Salgar Moreno
Presidente de los Estados Unidos de Colombia [4]
14 May 1863 - 10 Apr 1864 Tomás Cipriano Ignacio María de Mosquera Figueroa y Arboleda Salazar (x) [5]
1 Apr 1864 - 1 Apr 1866 Manuel Murillo Toro
1 Apr 1866 - 20 May 1866 José María Rojas Garrido [6]
1 Apr 1866 - 23 May 1867 Tomás Cipriano Ignacio María de Mosquera Figueroa y Arboleda Salazar (x) [7][8]
23 May 1867 - 1 Apr 1868 Manuel María de los Santos Acosta y Castillo [9]
1 Apr 1868 - 1 Apr 1870 José de los Santos Gutiérrez Prieto (x)
1 Apr 1870 - 1 Apr 1872 Eustorgio Salgar Moreno (x)
1 Apr 1872 - 1 Apr 1874 Manuel Murillo Toro (x)
1 Apr 1874 - 1 Apr 1876 Santiago Pérez y Manosalbas del Castillo
1 Apr 1876 - 1 Apr 1878 José Bonifacio Aquileo Elías Parra Gómez
1 Apr 1878 - 8 Apr 1880 Julián Trujillo Largacha [10]
1 Apr 1880 - 1 Apr 1882 Rafael Wenceslao Núñez Moledo
1 Apr 1882 - 21 Dec 1882 Francisco Javier Martínez de Zaldúa y de Racines (x)
Procurador General de la Nación, encargado del Poder Ejecutivo Nacional
21 Dec 1882 - 22 Dec 1882 Clímaco Calderón Reyes [11]
Presidente de los Estados Unidos de Colombia
21 Dec 1882 - 1 Apr 1884 José Eusebio Otálora Martínez
1 Apr 1884 - 11 Aug 1884 Ezequiel Hurtado y Hurtado [12]
1 Apr 1884 - ? Nov 1885 Rafael Wenceslao Núñez Moledo (x)

[1] Normally as part of the formula: Gobernador Constitucional del Estado Soberano del Cauca y Supremo Director de la Guerra
[2] Presidente de la Unión (instead of Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera who is considered not to have taken the office until 25 Jan 1861)
  25 Jan 1861 - 31 Mar 1861 Juan José Nieto Gil
[3] In office as Presidente de la Convención Nacional 4 Feb 1863 - 1 Apr 1863
[4] In accordance with the provisions of Art. 64 of the Constitution of 1863, the exercise of executive power is vested in an official bearing the title Presidente de los Estados Unidos de Colombia ("El Poder Ejecutivo de la Unión se ejerce por un Magistrado que se denominará «Presidente de los Estados Unidos de Colombia»..."). Also in official use: Presidente de la Unión and Presidente constitucional de los Estados Unidos de Colombia; the latter was used consistently during the presidency of Mosquera (1863-1864) and occasionally during the presidency of Gutiérrez (1868-1870).
[5] Including a period (1 Apr 1864 - 10 Apr 1864), pending the taking office by Manuel Murillo Toro.
[6] Pending the taking office by Tomás Cipriano Ignacio María de Mosquera Figueroa y Arboleda Salazar.
[7] Presidente del Estado Soberano del Magdalena, encargado del Poder Ejecutivo Federal (in dissidence)
  12 May 1867 - 28 Jun 1867 Manuel Joaquín de Santa Isabel Riascos García
[8] Imprisoned and prevented from exercising his functions (23 May 1867) and yet continued notionally to be regarded as holder of the office of Presidente de los Estados Unidos de Colombia. His resignation (dated 1 Aug 1867) was submitted to the Congreso which declined to consider its acceptance. He was convicted by the Senado de Plenipotenciarios (1 Nov 1867), but never discharged from office.
[9] Assumed the functions of chief executive as Segundo Designado en ejercicio del Poder Ejecutivo federal (proclamation of 23 May 1867) and was sworn-in as Presidente de los Estados Unidos de Colombia (23 May 1867) using this title throughout his term.
[10] Including a period (1 Apr 1880 - 8 Apr 1880), pending the taking office by Rafael Wenceslao Núñez Moledo.
[11] Pending the taking office by José Eusebio Otálora Martínez.
[12] Pending the taking office by Rafael Wenceslao Núñez Moledo.
Last updated on: 04 Nov 2013 10:08:05