Yuan: Emperors: 1271-1368 - Archontology.org

Yuan: Emperors: 1271-1368

Each ruler is recorded under the following protocol: temple name (miàohào | 廟號) || personal name (míng | ), considered tabooed (huì | ) upon accession; posthumous name (shì | ), posthumous name as transcribed from Mongolian to Chinese. The years of bestowal or change are given in brackets.
Ruling House: Bórzhījīn (孛兒只斤)
Huángdì (皇帝)
18 Dec 1271 - 18 Feb 1294 Shìzǔ (世祖) [1294] || Hūbìliè (忽必烈)
  posthumous name: Shèng dé shén gōng wén wǔ huángdì (聖德神功文武皇帝) [1294]
  posthumous name (transcribed Mongolian): Xuēchán huángdì (薛禪皇帝) [1294]
   
10 May 1294 - 10 Feb 1307 Chéngzōng (成宗) [1307] || Tiěmùr (鐵穆耳)
  posthumous name: Qīn míng guǎng xiào huángdì (欽明廣孝皇帝) [1307]
  posthumous name (transcribed Mongolian): Wánzédǔ huángdì (完澤篤皇帝) [1307]
   
21 Jun 1307 - 27 Jan 1311 Wǔzōng (武宗) [1311] || Hǎishān (海山)
  posthumous name: Rén huì xuān xiào huángdì (仁惠宣孝皇帝) [1311]
  posthumous name (transcribed Mongolian): Qūlǜ huángdì (曲律皇帝) [1311]
   
7 Apr 1311 - 1 Mar 1320 Rénzōng (仁宗) [1320] || Àiyùlíbálìbādá (愛育黎拔力八達)
  posthumous name: Shèng wén qīn xiào huángdì (聖文欽孝皇帝) [1320]
  posthumous name (transcribed Mongolian): Pǔyándǔ huángdì (普顏篤皇帝) [1320]
   
19 Apr 1320 - 4 Sep 1323 Yīngzōng (英宗) [1324] || Shídébālà (碩德八剌)
  posthumous name: Ruì shèng wén xiào huángdì (睿聖文孝皇帝) [1324]
  posthumous name (transcribed Mongolian): Géjiān huángdì (格堅皇帝) [1324]
   
4 Oct 1323 - 15 Aug 1328 no temple name bestowed || Yěsūn Tiěmùr (也孫鐵木兒)
  common reference (byname): Tàidìng huángdì (泰定皇帝) [1]
   
Oct 1328 - 14 Nov 1328 no temple name bestowed || Ālàjíbā (阿剌吉八) [2]
   
16 Oct 1328 - 27 Feb 1329 Wénzōng (文宗) [1333] || Tú Tiēmùr (圖帖睦爾) [3]
  posthumous name: Shèng míng yuán xiào huángdì (聖明元孝皇帝) [1333]
  posthumous name (transcribed Mongolian): Zháyádǔ huángdì (札牙篤皇帝)
   
27 Feb 1329 - 30 Aug 1329 Míngzōng (明宗) [1329] || Héshìlà (和世㻋) [4]
  posthumous name: Yì xiàn jǐng xiào huángdì (翼獻景孝皇帝) [1329]
  posthumous name (transcribed Mongolian): Hùdūdǔ huángdì (護都篤皇帝) [1329]
   
8 Sep 1329 - 2 Sep 1332 Wénzōng (文宗) [1333] || Tú Tiēmùr (圖帖睦爾) (x)
   
23 Oct 1332 - 14 Dec 1332 Níngzōng (寧宗) [1337] || Yìlínzhìbān (懿璘質班)
  posthumous name: Chōng shèng sì xiào huángdì (冲聖嗣孝皇帝 or 衝聖嗣孝皇帝) [1337]
   
19 Jul 1333 - 14 Sep 1368 Shùndì (順帝) [1370] || Tuǒhuān Tiēmùr (妥懽貼睦爾) or Tuǒhuān Tiěmùr (妥懽帖木耳) [5]
  posthumous name: Huìzōng huángdì (惠宗皇帝) [1370]
  posthumous name (transcribed Mongolian): Wūhātú hàn (烏哈圖汗) [1370]
   

[1] The epithet Tàidìng huángdì (泰定皇帝), used by historians, is the term meaning "the Tàidìng emperor" after an era name (1324-1328) during his reign.
[2] Acceded the imperial throne in Shangdu. Disappeared (or possibly was killed) after the surrender of Shangdu to the invading army of rebels (14 Nov 1328).
[3] Acceded the imperial throne in Dadu (Khanbaliq) in opposition to Ālàjíbā who had been enthroned in Shangdu. Agreed to enthronement of his brother, Héshìlà, but re-assumed the throne after the latter's death.
[4] Acceded the imperial throne north of Karakorum (now in Mongolia) and died soon after entering the territory of Yuan.
[5] The court of Tuǒhuān Tiēmùr left the capital, Dadu (Khanbaliq), on 10 Sep 1368, and on 14 Sep 1368 the city was captured by the army of Ming.
Last updated on: 16 Apr 2022 22:31:48