Song: Emperors: 960-1127 - Archontology.org

Song: Emperors: 960-1127

Each ruler is recorded under the following protocol: temple name (miàohào | 廟號) || personal name (míng | ), considered tabooed (huì | ) upon accession; posthumous name (shì | ). The courtesy name (zì | ) is included where applicable. The years of bestowal or change are given in brackets.
Ruling House: Zhào ()
Huángdì (皇帝)
3 Feb 960 - 14 Nov 976 Tàizǔ (太祖) [976] || Zhào Kuāngyìn (趙匡胤) [1]
  courtesy name: Yuánlǎng (元朗)
  posthumous names: Yīng wǔ shèng wén shén dé huángdì | (英武聖文神德皇帝) [976]; Qǐ yùn lì jí yīng wǔ shèng wén shén dé xuán gōng dà xiào huáng dì (啟運立極英武聖文神德玄功大孝皇帝) [1008]; Qǐ yùn lì jí yīng wǔ ruì wén shén dé shèng gōng zhì míng dà xiào huáng dì (啟運立極英武睿文神德聖功至明大孝皇帝) [1017]
   
15 Nov 976 - 8 May 997 Tàizōng (太宗) [997] || Zhào Kuāngyì (趙匡義); Zhào Guāngyì (趙光義) [960]; Zhào Jiǒng (趙炅) (alternative [modern] reading of : Guì) [977]
  posthumous names: Shén gōng shèng dé wén wǔ huángdì (神功聖德文武皇帝) [997]; (至仁應道神功聖德睿烈大明廣孝皇帝) [1017]
   
8 May 997 - 23 Mar 1022 Zhēnzōng (真宗) [1024] || Zhào Déchāng (趙德昌); Zhào Yuánxiū (趙元休) [983]; Zhào Yuánkǎn (趙元侃) [986]; Zhào Héng (趙恆) [995]
  posthumous names: Wén míng wǔ dìng zhāng shèng yuán xiào huángdì (文明武定章聖元孝皇帝) [1024]; Yīng fú jī gǔ shén gōng ràng dé wén míng wǔ dìng zhāng shèng yuán xiào huángdì (應符稽古神功讓德文明武定章聖元孝皇帝) [1047]
   
23 Mar 1022 - 30 Apr 1063 Rénzōng (仁宗) [1063] || Zhào Shòuyì (趙受益); Zhào Zhēn (趙禎) [1018?]
  posthumous names: Shén wén shèng wǔ míng xiào huángdì (神文聖武明孝皇帝) [1063]; Tǐ tiān fǎ dào jí gōng quán dé shén wén shèng wǔ ruì zhé míng xiào huángdì (體天法道極功全德神文聖武睿哲明孝皇帝) [1083]
   
1 May 1063 - 25 Jan 1067 Yīngzōng (英宗) [1067] || Zhào Zōngshí (趙宗實) [1036]; Zhào Shǔ (趙曙) [1062]
  posthumous names: Xiàn wén sù wǔ xuān xiào huángdì (憲文肅武宣孝皇帝) [1067]; Tǐ gān yīng lì lóng gōng shèng dé xiàn wén sù wǔ ruì shén xuān xiào huángdì (體乾應歷隆功盛德憲文肅武睿神宣孝皇帝) [1083]
   
25 Jan 1067 - 1 Apr 1085 Shénzōng (神宗) [1085] || Zhào Zhòngzhēn (趙仲鍼) [1048]; Zhào Xū (趙頊) [1063]
  posthumous names: Yīng wén liè wǔ shèng xiào huángdì (英文烈武聖孝皇帝) [1085]; Shào tiān fǎ gǔ yùn dé jiàn gōng yīng wén liè wǔ qīn rén shèng xiào huángdì (紹天法古運德建功英文烈武欽仁聖孝皇帝) [1095]; Tǐ yuán xiǎn dào dì dé wáng gōng yīng wén liè wǔ qīn rén shèng xiào huángdì (體元顯道帝德王功英文烈武欽仁聖孝皇帝) [1104]; Tǐ yuán xiǎn dào fǎ gǔ lì xiàn dì dé wáng gōng yīng wén liè wǔ qīn rén shèng xiào huángdì (體元顯道法古立憲帝德王功英文烈武欽仁聖孝皇帝) [1113]
   
1 Apr 1085 - 23 Feb 1100 Zhézōng (哲宗) [1100] || Zhào Yōng (趙傭) (alternative readings of : Yóng [modern], Chōng [apparently obsolete]); Zhào Xù (趙煦) (alternative reading of : Xǔ) [1085]
  posthumous names: Qīn wén ruì wǔ zhāo xiào huángdì (欽文睿武昭孝皇帝) [1100]; Xiàn yuán jì dào xiǎn dé dìng gōng qīn wén ruì wǔ qí shèng zhāo xiào huángdì (憲元繼道顯德定功欽文睿武齊聖昭孝皇帝) [1104]; Xiàn yuán jì dào shì dé yáng gōng qīn wén ruì wǔ qí shèng zhāo xiào huángdì (憲元繼道世德揚功欽文睿武齊聖昭孝皇帝) [1113]
   
23 Feb 1100 - 18 Jan 1126 Huīzōng (徽宗) [1137] || Zhào Jí (趙佶) [1083] [2]
  posthumous names: Shèng wén rén dé xiǎn xiào huángdì (聖文仁德顯孝皇帝) [1137]; Tǐ shén hé dào jùn liè xùn gōng shèng wén rén dé xiàn cí xiǎn xiào huángdì (體神合道駿烈遜功聖文仁德憲慈顯孝皇帝) [1143]
   
19 Jan 1126 - 9 Jan 1127 Qīnzōng (欽宗) [1161] || Zhào Dǎn (趙亶) (alternative readings of : Dàn); Zhào Xuǎn (趙烜) [1102]; Zhào Huán (趙桓) [1102] [3][4]
  posthumous names: Gōng wén shùn dé rén xiào huángdì (恭文順德仁孝皇帝) [1161]

[1] The accession of Zhào Kuāngyìn took place on 3 Feb 960 and was followed by an edict establishing Sòng as the name of the state on 4 Feb 960.
[2] Honorific titles (after abdication): Dào jūn huángdì (道君皇帝) [self-styled, 1126]; Jiàozhǔ dào jūn tàishàng huángdì (教主道君太上皇帝) [conferred, 1126].
[3] The army of Jīn took control of the capital of Sòng in the prefecture (fǔ | ) of Kaifeng (now in the city of Kaifeng, Henan) on 9 Jan 1127. Qīnzōng signed an instrument of surrender on 15 Jan 1127 and was later imprisoned in the field camp of Jīn (since 22 Feb 1127) outside the capital, where he was formally deposed on orders of the ruler of Jīn on 20 Mar 1127.
[4] Honorific title (after deposition): Xiào cí yuān shèng huángdì (孝慈淵聖皇帝) [1127].
Last updated on: 08 Dec 2020 17:07:36