Jurchen Jin: Emperors: 1115-1233 - Archontology.org

Jurchen Jin: Emperors: 1115-1233

Each ruler is recorded under the following protocol: temple name (miàohào | 廟號) || native (Jurchen) name recorded in Chinese characters | sinicised personal name (míng | ), considered tabooed (huì | ) upon accession; posthumous name (shì | ). The courtesy name (zì | ) is included where applicable. The years of bestowal or change are given in brackets.
Ruling House: Wányán (完顏)
Huángdì (皇帝)
28 Jan 1115 - 19 Sep 1123 Tàizǔ (太祖) [1125] || Āgǔdǎ (阿骨打) | Wányán Mín (完顏旻)
  posthumous name: Wǔ yuán huángdì (武元皇帝) [1125], Yīng gān xīng yùn zhāo dé dìng gōng ruì shén zhuāng xiào rén míng dà shèng wǔ yuán huángdì (應乾興運昭德定功睿神莊孝仁明大聖武元皇帝) [1145]
   
27 Sep 1123 - 9 Feb 1135 Tàizōng (太宗) [1135] || Wúqǐmǎi (吳乞買) | Wányán Shèng (完顏晟)
  posthumous name: Wén liè huángdì (文烈皇帝) [1135]; Tǐ yuán yìng yùn shì dé zhāo gōng zhé huì rén shèng wén liè huángdì (體元應運世德昭功哲惠仁聖文烈皇帝) [1146]
   
10 Feb 1135 - 9 Jan 1150 Mǐnzōng (閔宗) [1161], Xīzōng (熙宗) [1187] || Hélà (合剌) | Wányán Dǎn (完顏亶)
  posthumous name: Wǔ líng huángdì (武靈皇帝) [1161], Hóng jī zuǎn wǔ zhuāng jìng xiào chéng huángdì (弘基纘武莊靖孝成皇帝) [1179]
   
9 Jan 1150 - 15 Dec 1161 no temple name bestowed || Dígǔnǎi (迪古乃) | Wányán Liàng (完顏亮) [1]
  courtesy name: Yuángōng (元功)
  posthumous name: Yáng ()
  common reference (byname): Fèidì (廢帝) [2]
   
27 Oct 1161 - 20 Jan 1189 Shìzōng (世宗) [1189] || Wūlù (烏祿) | Wányán Yōng (完顏雍) [3]
  posthumous name: Guāng tiān xīng yùn wén dé wǔ gōng shèng míng rén xiào huángdì (光天興運文德武功聖明仁孝皇帝) [1189]
   
20 Jan 1189 - 29 Dec 1208 Zhāngzōng (章宗) [1209] || Mádágé (麻達葛) | Wányán Jǐng (完顏璟) [1186]
  posthumous name: Xiàn tiān guāng yùn rén wén yì wǔ shén shèng yīng xiào huángdì (憲天光運仁文義武神聖英孝皇帝) [1209]
   
29 Dec 1208 - 11 Sep 1213 no temple name bestowed || Xīngshèng (興勝) | Wányán Yǔnjì (完顏允濟), Wányán Yǒngjì (完顏永濟) [1189]
  posthumous name: Shào () [1216] [4]
   
22 Sep 1213 - 14 Jan 1224 Xuānzōng (宣宗) [1224] || Wúdūbǔ (吾睹補 or 吾都補) | Wányán Xún (完顏珣) [1186], Wányán Cóngjiā (完顏從嘉) [1205]
  posthumous name: Jì tiān xīng tǒng shù dào qín rén yīng wǔ shèng xiào huángdì (繼天興統述道勤仁英武聖孝皇帝) [1224]
   
15 Jan 1224 - 30 May 1233 Āizōng (哀宗) [1234] || Níngjiǎsù (寧甲速) | Wányán Shǒulǐ (完顏守禮), Wányán Shǒuxù (完顏守緒) [1216] [5]

[1] Posthumously demoted to king: Hǎilíng wáng (海陵王) [1162]; demoted to commoner rank [1180].
[2] The epithet Fèidì (廢帝), used by historians, is the term meaning "deposed emperor".
[3] Acceded to imperial throne in the eastern capital of the Jurchen Jin, Liaoyang (now in the province of Liaoning), in opposition to the incumbent (Wányán Liàng) who was assassinated on 15 Dec 1161.
[4] Posthumously demoted to marquis: Dōnghǎi hóu (東海侯) [1213]; pre-accession princely title continued to be used in chronicles as the term of reference: Wèi wáng (衛王).
[5] Fled from the capital, Kaifeng (now in the province of Henan, China) on 5 Feb 1233 before it was captured by the Mongolian army (30 May 1233) and set up the court in Caizhou. Abdicated (8 Feb 1234) in favour of Wányán Chénglín (完顏承麟) who was enthroned on 9 Feb 1234, but was killed in action on the same day during the storming of Caizhou by the Mongolians. Chénglín is frequently referred to by historians as Mòdì (末帝), "the last emperor".
Last updated on: 29 Apr 2022 09:19:22