Han: Emperors: 23-220 - Archontology.org

Han: Emperors: 23-220

Each ruler is recorded under the following protocol: temple name (miàohào | 廟號) || personal name (míng | ), considered tabooed (huì | ) upon accession; courtesy name (zì | ); posthumous name (shì | ). The years of bestowal or change are given in brackets.
Ruling House: Liú ()
Tiānzǐ (天子)
11 Mar 23 - Oct 25 no temple name bestowed || Liú Xuán (劉玄) [1][2]
  courtesy name: Shènggōng (聖公)
   
Huángdì (皇帝)
5 Aug 25 - 29 Mar 57 Shìzǔ (世祖) [57] || Liú Xiù (劉秀) [3]
  courtesy name: Wénshū (文叔)
  posthumous name: Guāng wǔ huángdì (光武皇帝) [57]
   
29 Mar 57 - 5 Sep 75 Xiǎnzōng (顯宗) [75] || Liú Yáng (劉陽); Liú Zhuāng (劉莊) [43]
  posthumous name: Xiào míng huángdì (孝明皇帝) [75]
   
5 Sep 75 - 9 Apr 88 Sùzōng (肅宗) [88] || Liú Dá (劉炟)
  posthumous name: Xiào zhāng huángdì (孝章皇帝) [88]
   
9 Apr 88 - 13 Feb 106 Mùzōng (穆宗) [106; removed in 190] || Liú Zhào (劉肇)
  posthumous name: Xiào hé huángdì (孝和皇帝) [106]
   
13 Feb 106 - 21 Sep 106 no temple name bestowed || Liú Lóng (劉隆)
  posthumous name: Xiào shāng huángdì (孝殤皇帝) [106]
   
21 Sep 106 - 30 Apr 125 Gōngzōng (恭宗) [125; removed in 190] || Liú Hù (劉祜) [4]
  posthumous name: Xiào'ān huángdì (孝安皇帝) [125]
   
18 May 125 - 10 Dec 125 no temple name bestowed || Liú Yì (劉懿)
   
16 Dec 125 - 20 Sep 144 Jìngzōng (敬宗) [144; removed in 190] || Liú Bǎo (劉保)
  posthumous name: Xiào shùn huángdì (孝順皇帝) [144]
   
20 Sep 144 - 15 Feb 145 no temple name bestowed || Liú Bǐng (劉炳)
  posthumous name: Xiào chōng huángdì (孝沖皇帝) [145]
   
6 Mar 145 - 26 Jul 146 no temple name bestowed || Liú Zuǎn (劉纘)
  posthumous name: Xiào zhì huángdì (孝質皇帝) [146]
   
1 Aug 146 - 25 Jan 168 Wēizōng (威宗) [168; removed in 190] || Liú Zhì (劉志)
  posthumous name: Xiào huán huángdì (孝桓皇帝) [168]
   
17 Feb 168 - 13 May 189 no temple name bestowed || Liú Hóng (劉宏)
  posthumous name: Xiào líng huángdì (孝靈皇帝) [189]
   
15 May 189 - 28 Sep 189 no temple name bestowed || Liú Biàn (劉辯)
  posthumous name: Huái wáng (懷王) [190] [4]
   
28 Sep 189 - 25 Nov 220 no temple name bestowed || Liú Xié (劉協)
  posthumous name: Xiào xiàn huángdì (孝獻皇帝) [234] [5]

[1] Abandoned the capital, Chang'an, after a military defeat by the insurgent army (between 11 Oct 25 and 16 Oct 25), and fled to Gaoling (now in Xi'an, Shaanxi Province) where he was imprisoned. Returned to Chang'an (Nov/Dec 25) where he surrendered the imperial seal to the rebels.
[2] Nobility titles (after relinquishing imperial dignity): Wèiwēi hóu (畏威侯) [25], Chángshā wáng (長沙王) [25].
[3] Originally in opposition to Liú Xuán and other claimants of the imperial throne.
[4] Nobility title (after deposition): Hóngnóng wáng (弘農王) [189].
[5] Abdicated and was demoted to duke: Shānyáng gōng (山陽公) [conferred by the ruler of Cao Wei, 220].
Last updated on: 30 Mar 2022 10:02:42