Han: Emperors: 202 BC-AD 9 - Archontology.org

Han: Emperors: 202 BC-AD 9

Each ruler is recorded under the following protocol: personal name (míng | ), considered tabooed (huì | ) upon accession; posthumous name (shì | ). The temple name (miàohào | 廟號) preceeds (||) the personal name where applicable. The courtesy names (zì | ) are also included for some rulers. The years of bestowal or change are given in brackets.
Ruling House: Liú ()
Huángdì (皇帝)
BC 28 Feb 202 - BC 1 Jun 195 Tàizǔ (太祖) [BC 195] || Liú Bāng (劉邦) [1]
  courtesy name: Jì ()
  posthumuous name: Gāo huángdì (高皇帝) [BC 195]
   
BC 23 Jun 195 - BC 26 Sep 188 Liú Yíng (劉盈) [2]
  posthumous name: Xiào huì huángdì (孝惠皇帝) [BC 188]
   
BC on or after 19 Oct 188 - BC bf. 15 Jun 184 Liú Gōng (劉恭) [3]
  common reference (byname): Qián shǎodì (前少帝) [4]
   
BC 15 Jun 184 - BC 14 Nov 180 Liú Yì (劉義); Liú Hóng (劉弘) [BC 184]
  common reference (byname): Hòu shǎodì (後少帝) [5]
   
BC 14 Nov 180 - BC 6 Jul 157 Tàizōng (太宗) [BC 157] || Liú Héng (劉恆)
  posthumous name: Xiào wén huángdì (孝文皇帝) [BC 157]
   
BC 14 Jul 157 - BC 9 Mar 141 Liú Qǐ (劉啟)
  posthumous name: Xiào jǐng huángdì (孝景皇帝) [BC 141]
   
BC 9 Mar 141 - BC 29 Mar 87 Liú Chè (劉徹)
  posthumous name: Xiào wǔ huángdì (孝武皇帝) [BC 87]
   
BC 30 Mar 87 - BC 5 Jun 74 Liú Fúlíng (劉弗陵)
  posthumous name: Xiào zhāo huángdì (孝昭皇帝) [BC 74]
   
BC 18 Jul 74 - BC 14 Aug 74 Liú Hè (劉賀) [6]
   
BC 10 Sep 74 - BC 10 Jan 48 Liú Bìngyǐ (劉病已); Liú Xún (劉詢) [BC 64]
  posthumous name: Xiào xuān huángdì (孝宣皇帝) [BC 48]
   
BC 29 Jan 48 - BC 8 Jul 33 Liú Shì (劉奭)
  posthumous name: Xiào yuán huángdì (孝元皇帝) [BC 33]
   
BC 4 Aug 33 - BC 17 Apr 7 Liú Ào (劉驁)
  posthumous name: Xiào chéng huángdì (孝成皇帝) [BC 7]
   
BC 7 May 7 - BC 15 Aug 1 Liú Xīn (劉欣)
  posthumous name: Xiào āi huángdì (孝哀皇帝) [BC 1]
   
BC 17 Oct 1 - AD 3 Feb 6 Liú Jīzǐ (劉箕子), Liú Kàn (劉衎) [BC 1]
  posthumous name: Xiào píng huángdì (孝平皇帝)
   
Jiǎ huángdì (假皇帝), Shè huángdì (攝皇帝) | Acting Emperor, Regent Emperor [7]
AD Feb 6 - AD 10 Jan 9 Ānhàn gōng Mǎng (安漢公莽)
   

[1] Also referred to as Gāozǔ (高祖) in Historical Records, ch. 8, and other chronicles.
[2] Historical Records, ch. 9, does not give a specific date for the enthronement of Liú Yíng, thereby implying a succession without delay — which is contradicted by other information in the text. Elsewhere (ch. 8) the interment of his father and predecessor, Liú Bāng, is dated to BC 23 Jun 195 and the enthronement of his son to BC 26 Jun 195, with the relevant passage appearing to be somewhat garbled though. In Book of Han, ch. 2, this was seemingly corrected with the accession of Liú Yíng being reported immediately after the burial of Liú Bāng on BC 23 Jun 195.
[3] Acceded on or after the interment of his father and predecessor (BC 19 Oct 188). Deposed apparently shortly before the accession of his successor (BC 15 Jun 184).
[4] The epithet Qián shǎodì (前少帝), used by historians, is the term meaning "former little emperor".
[5] The epithet Hòu shǎodì (後少帝), used by historians, is the term meaning "latter little emperor".
[6] Deposed and later demoted to marquis: Hǎihūn hóu (海昏侯) [BC 63].
[7] Appointed to hold both offices by an imperial edict issued between AD 3 Feb 6 and AD 17 Feb 6.
Last updated on: 13 Apr 2022 07:47:16