China (People's Republic of): Heads of State: 1949-2016

Zhōngyāng rénmín zhèngfǔ zhǔxí (中央人民政府主席) | Chairman of the Central People's Government
1 Oct 1949 - 27 Sep 1954 Máo Zédōng (毛泽东) [1]
Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó zhǔxí (中华人民共和国主席) | Chairman/President of the People's Republic of China
27 Sep 1954 - 27 Apr 1959 Máo Zédōng (毛泽东) (x)
27 Apr 1959 - 31 Oct 1968 Liú Shàoqí (刘少奇) [2]
Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó fù zhǔxí (中华人民共和国副主席) (ex officiis) | Vice-Chairman of the People's Republic of China
31 Oct 1968 - 17 Jan 1975 Sòng Qìnglíng (宋庆龄)
31 Oct 1968 - 17 Jan 1975 Dǒng Bíwǔ (董必武) [3]
Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó quánguó rénmín dàibiǎo dàhuì chángwù wěiyuánhuì wěiyuán zhǎng (中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会常务委员会委员长) | Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China
17 Jan 1975 - 6 Jul 1976 Zhū Dé (朱德)
Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó quánguó rénmín dàibiǎo dàhuì chángwù wěiyuánhuí fù wěiyuán zhǎng (中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会常务委员会副委员长) | Deputy Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China (ex officiis)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Sòng Qìnglíng (宋庆龄) (x)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Liú Bóchéng (刘伯承)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Wú Dé (吴德)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Wéi Guóqīng (韦国清)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Sàifúdǐng Àizézī (赛福鼎·艾则孜)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Guō Mòruò (郭沫若)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Xú Xiàngqián (徐向前)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Niè Róngzhēn (聂荣臻)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Chén Yún (陈云)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Tán Zhènlín (谭震林)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Li Jǐngquán (李井泉)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Zhāng Dǐngchéng (张鼎丞)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Cài Chàng (蔡畅)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Wūlánfū (乌兰夫)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Āpèi Āwàng Jìnměi (阿沛·阿旺晋美)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Zhōu Jiànrén (周建人)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Xǔ Déhéng (许德珩)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Hú Juéwén (胡厥文)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Lǐ Sùwén (李素文)
6 Jul 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Yáo Liǎnwèi (姚连蔚)
2 Dec 1976 - 5 Mar 1978 Dèng Yǐngchāo (邓颖超)
Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó quánguó rénmín dàibiǎo dàhuì chángwù wěiyuánhuì wěiyuán zhǎng (中华人民共和国全国人民代表大会常务委员会委员长) | Chairman of the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress of the People's Republic of China
5 Mar 1978 - 18 Jun 1983 Yè Jiànyīng (叶剑英)
Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó zhǔxí (中华人民共和国主席) | Chairman/President of the People's Republic of China
18 Jun 1983 - 8 Apr 1988 Lǐ Xiānniàn (李先念)
8 Apr 1988 - 27 Mar 1993 Yáng Shàngkūn (杨尚昆)
27 Mar 1993 -15 Mar 2003 Jiāng Zémín (江泽民)
15 Mar 2003 - 14 Mar 2013 Hú Jǐntāo (胡锦涛)
14 Mar 2013 - Xí Jìnpíng (习近平)

[1] Elected 30 Sep 1949 and assumes the office in accordance with the proclamation of 1 Oct 1949 (RMRB, 1 Oct 1949, p. 1).
[2] The resolution on removal of Liú Shàoqí from "all posts inside and outside the party" was approved by the Central Committee of the Communist Party of China between 18 Oct 1968 and 31 Oct 1968 and included in the communique of 31 Oct 1968 (published in RMRB, 2 Nov 1968, p. 1).
[3] Since 24 Feb 1972 exercised the duties of diplomatic representation as Acting Chairman of the People's Republic of China (Zhōnghuá rénmín gònghéguó dài zhǔxí, 中华人民共和国代主席).
Last updated on: 21 Jul 2015 11:44:59