Chile: Heads of State: 1826-1891

Presidente de la República
9 Jul 1826 - 9 Sep 1826 Manuel José Blanco y Calvo de Encalada
Vicepresidente de la República
9 Sep 1826 - 25 Jan 1827 Agustín Manuel de Eyzaguirre y Arechavala (x)
Presidente de la República [1]
25 Jan 1827 - 5 May 1827 Ramón Freire y Serrano (x)
Vicepresidente de la República
5 May 1827 - 16 Sep 1829 Francisco Antonio Pinto y Díaz de la Puente [2]
Jefe Supremo de la República
16 Sep 1829 - 19 Oct 1829 Francisco Ramón de Vicuña y Larraín [3]
Presidente de la República
16 Sep 1829 - 2 Nov 1829 Francisco Antonio Pinto y Díaz de la Puente (x) [4]
Jefe Supremo de la República
2 Nov 1829 - 12 Nov 1829 Francisco Ramón de Vicuña y Larraín (x) [5]
12 Nov 1829 - 18 Feb 1830 no nationally recognised Head of State [6]
Presidente de la República
18 Feb 1830 - 31 Mar 1830 Francisco Antonio Pascual de la Ascensión Ruiz de Tagle y Portales
Vicepresidente de la República
1 Apr 1830 - 21 Mar 1831 José Tomás de Ovalle Bezanilla (x)
21 Mar 1831 - 22 Mar 1831 office vacant [7]
22 Mar 1831 - 18 Sep 1831 Fernando de Errázuriz y Martínez de Aldunate (x) [8]
Presidente de la República
18 Sep 1831 - 18 Sep 1841 José Joaquín Prieto Vial
18 Sep 1841 - 18 Sep 1851 Manuel Bulnes Prieto
18 Sep 1851 - 18 Sep 1861 Manuel Francisco Antonio Julián Montt Torres
18 Sep 1861 - 18 Sep 1871 José Joaquín Pérez Mascayano
18 Sep 1871 - 18 Sep 1876 Federico Marcos del Rosario Errázuriz Zañartu
18 Sep 1876 - 18 Sep 1881 Aníbal Pinto Garmendia
18 Sep 1881 - 18 Sep 1886 Domingo Santa María González
18 Sep 1886 - 29 Aug 1891 José Manuel Emiliano Balmaceda Fernández
Gobierno Provisorio
29 Aug 1891 - 31 Aug 1891 Manuel Jesús Baquedano y González de Labra [9]

[1] Originally entrusted to exercise "political and military power" ("encargará del mando político i militar de la República") by Congreso Nacional (25 Jan 1827) with the style Presidente de la República appearing only in notifications of such appointment; occasionally uses the styles Presidente interino de la Nación and Presidente interino, reverting to Presidente de la República before his substantive appointment 13 Feb 1827.
[2] Congreso Nacional accepts resignation of Presidente de la República and transfers his functions to Vicepresidente de la República by resolution of 5 May 1827; Vicepresidente de la República submits his resignation (dated 7 May 1827) which is rejected by Congreso 7 May 1827; Vicepresidente de la República notifies Congreso of assumption of executive functions 7 May 1827 and is sworn in 8 May 1827.
[3] Acts for incapacitated Vicepresidente de la República (15 Jul 1829 - 16 Sep 1829) and continues in office (16 Sep 1829 - 19 Oct 1829) pending the acceptance of election and swearing-in of Francisco Antonio Pinto y Díaz de la Puente as Presidente de la República.
[4] Proclaimed Presidente de la República upon counting electoral votes by a resolution of Congreso Nacional (16 Sep 1829) but declines election; after refusal of Congreso to accept his resignation, he is sworn in 19 Oct 1829.
[5] Leaves the national capital, Santiago, 12 Nov 1829 and establishes a new seat of government in Valparaíso; abandons Valparaíso 8 Dec 1829, eventually reaching the province of Coquimbo, and gradually loses recognition as provisional Head of State (a resolution of Congreso de Plenipotenciarios of 17 Feb 1830 revokes the validity of all acts passed in 1829).
[6] Following the departure of Jefe Supremo de la República from Santiago (12 Nov 1829), no authority claims the position of provisional Head of State; cities and provinces are governed by local revolutionary authorities, including the most important established in Santiago:
  Presidente de la Junta de Gobierno
  7 Nov 1829 - 16 Dec 1829 Ramón Freire y Serrano (x)
  Junta Gubernativa de la provincia de Santiago
  24 Dec 1829 - 17 Feb 1830 José Tomás Ovalle Bezanilla
  24 Dec 1829 - 17 Feb 1830 Isidoro de Errázuriz y Martínez de Aldunate
  1 Jan 1830 - 17 Feb 1830 José María Guzmán Ibáñez
[7] Authorised by a resolution of Comision Permanente del Congreso de Plenipotenciarios of 8 Mar 1831, Presidente del Congreso de Plenipotenciarios Fernando de Errázuriz y Martínez de Aldunate acts for incapacitated José Tomás Ovalle Bezanilla (8 Mar 1831 - 21 Mar 1831); after the death of Vicepresidente de la República (21 Mar 1831), Errázuriz, being not authorised to succeed him, assumes the administration of affairs until his own election as Vicepresidente de la República 22 Mar 1831.
[8] Pending the installation of Presidente de la República José Joaquín Prieto Vial.
[9] Placed at the head of government by an act of resignation signed by Balmaceda 29 Aug 1891, he alone exercises executive authority defined in legislation as Gobierno Provisorio.
Last updated on: 22 Mar 2014 04:37:36