Central America: Polity Style: 1821-1840

15 Sep 1821 - 1 Jul 1823 Reino de Guatemala [1]
5 Jan 1822 act of unification with Mexico is passed (Semanario Político y Literario, vol. 4, No. 13, pp. 297-300)
30 Jun 1823 incorporation into the Mexican Empire is declared null and void, session of the Asamblea Nacional Constituyente (Actas de la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente, pp. 295-296, 408-409)
1 Jul 1823 provinces represented in an assembly meeting in Guatemala City are proclaimed free and independent from Spain and Mexico and form a federation under the name of Provincias Unidas del Centro de América, session of the Asamblea Nacional Constituyente (Actas de la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente, pp. 420-440)
1 Jul 1823 - 22 Nov 1824 Provincias Unidas del Centro de América [2]
2 Oct 1823 declaration of independence is confirmed and ratified, resolution of the Asamblea Nacional Constituyente (passed 1 Oct 1823, promulgated as a decree on 2 Oct 1823) (Archivo Histórico de la República de Nicaragua, pp. 170-173; Nicaragua y Costa Rica en la Constituyente de 1823, p. 37) [3]
6 Mar 1824 Costa Rica is admitted to the Central-American Federation, resolution of the Asamblea Nacional Constituyente promulgated as a decree on 6 Mar 1824 (passed 4 Mar 1824, promulgated as a decree 6 Mar 1824) (Nicaragua y Costa Rica en la Constituyente de 1823, pp. 81, 83; Costa Rica en la Independencia y en la Federación, pp. 233-234)
22 Nov 1824 name of the state is changed in accordance with the Constitution of 1824 (passed by the Asamblea Nacional Constituyente 22 Nov 1824, promulgated on the same day) [4]
22 Nov 1824 - ? Mar 1840 República Federal de Centroamérica
30 May 1838 constituent states of the Central-American Federation are declared free to choose a form of government provided that it is based on popular representation, resolution of the Congreso, San Salvador (Revista del Archivo y de la Biblioteca Nacional de Honduras, vol. 25, Nos. 9-10, pp. 406-407)
16 Aug 1838 departamentos of Sololá, Totonicapán and Quetzaltenango are authorised to form a new member state of the Central-American Federation, decree of the Congreso (passed by the Cámara de Diputados 5 Jun 1838, passed by the Senado 14 Aug 1838, promulgated as a decree 16 Aug 1838) [5]

[1] Also styled Provincias del Centro de América.
[2] Also in official use: República del Centro de América.
[3] The delegations of Nicaragua and Honduras were not present at the session of 1 Jul 1823 when the declaration of independence was approved. When the deputies of these states attended the sessions, the assembly confirmed and ratified the declaration on 1 Oct 1823.
[4] Art. 9 of the Constitution of 1824 prescribed the following name: Federación de Centro América. In official use República Federal de Centroamérica was the most common.
[5] The decree of 16 Aug 1838 effectively provided for admission of the state of Los Altos to the Federation.
Last updated on: 12 Jan 2019 01:19:41