Lisgar, baron (John Young)

Sir John Young

b. 31 Aug 1807, Bombay, British India
d. 6 Oct 1876, Bailieborough, Ireland

Title: Administrator of the Government of the Dominion of Canada = Administrateur du Gouvernement de la Puissance du Canada
Term: 1 Dec 1868 - 2 Feb 1869
Chronology: 10 Nov 1868, appointed by Warrant under the Royal Sign Manual and Signet [1]
1 Dec 1868, installed in office upon taking the oath of allegiance, oath of office and oath of Keeper of the Great Seal of Canada, public ceremony, Senate Chamber, House of Parliament, Ottawa [2]
Title: Governor General in and over the Dominion of Canada = Gouverneur Général dans et sur la Puissance du Canada
Term: 2 Feb 1869 - 25 Jun 1872
Chronology: 29 Dec 1868, appointed by Letters Patent constituting the office, naming the office holder and giving formal instructions, under the Royal Sign Manual and Signet [3]
2 Feb 1869, installed in office upon taking the oath of allegiance, oath of office and oath of Keeper of the Great Seal of Canada, public ceremony, Advocates' Library Room, Court House, Montréal, Québec [4]
25 Jun 1872, termination of appointment with the installation of a successor [4][5]
Names/titles: Sir John Young, 2nd Baronet [from 10 Mar 1848]; 1st Baron Lisgar, of Lisgar and Bailieborough, in the County of Cavan, Ireland, in the Peerage of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland [from 2 Nov 1870]
Biography:

Son of Sir William Young, 1st Baronet, a director of the East India company; was educated at Eton and Corpus Christi, Oxford, earning bachelor's degree (1829); elected to the United Kingdom House of Commons from County Cavan, serving as a Conservative MP (1831-1855); called to the bar of Lincoln's Inn (1834) but never practiced law; served as a Lord of the Treasury (20 Sep 1841 - 23 May 1844) and Secretary of the Treasury (21 May 1844 - 7 Jul 1846), during the administration of Sir Robert Peel; was Chief Secretary for Ireland (6 Jan 1853 - 1 Mar 1855); appointed member of the Irish Privy Council (28 Jan 1853); served as Lord High Commissioner of Her Majesty the Protecting Sovereign in the United States in the Ionian Islands (13 Apr 1855 - 25 Jan 1859); Captain General and Governor-in-Chief in and over the Colony of New South Wales (16 May 1861 - 24 Dec 1867); received the appointment as Administrator of the Government of the Dominion of Canada (1 Dec 1868 - 2 Feb 1869) and was finally made Governor General of the Dominion of Canada (2 Feb 1869 - 25 Jun 1872); took active part in diffusing Canadian-American tensions created by the Red River Rebellion and the Fenian raids; a keen supporter of Confederation, he tried to mediate the conflict created over the transfer of Rupert's Land and the entry of Manitoba into Confederation and encouraged British Columbia to join.

Biographical sources: Dictionary of Canadian Biography. Vol. 10 (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1972).

[1] The Canada Gazette, No. 23, Ottawa, Saturday, December 5, 1868, pp. 329-330.
[2] The Canada Gazette, No. 23, Ottawa, Saturday, December 5, 1868, pp. 329-330; The Globe, Toronto, Wednesday, December 2, 1868, Vol. XXV, No. 288, p. 1.
[3] The Canada Gazette, No. 32, Ottawa, Saturday, February 6, 1869, pp. 453-454.
[4] The Canada Gazette, No. 53, Ottawa, Saturday, June 29, 1872, pp. 1261-1262.
[5] After Baron Lisgar permanently left Canada, his functions were taken over by Sir Charles Hastings Doyle as Administrator of the Government of the Dominion of Canada = Administrateur du Gouvernement de la Puissance du Canada (22 Jun 1872 - 25 Jun 1872), who continued in office until the installation of Earl of Dufferin (The Canada Gazette, No. 53, Ottawa, Saturday, June 29, 1872, pp. 1264-1265).
Image: photograph by William James Topley/Library and Archives Canada/PA-026379 (1871)
Last updated on: 01 Jun 2014 12:21:33