Carvalho, José da Costa

José da Costa Carvalho

b. 7 Feb 1796, Freguesia de N. Sra. da Penha, Salvador, Bahia
d. 18 Sep 1860, São Paulo

Title: Membro da Regência Permanente (Member of the Permanent Regency)
Term: 18 Jun 1831 - 12 Oct 1835
Chronology: 17 Jun 1831, elected by the General Assembly (the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies meeting jointly), held at the seat of the Senate, Rio de Janeiro
  18 Jun 1831, oath of office taken before the General Assembly (the Senate and the Chamber of Deputies meeting jointly), held at the seat of the Senate, Rio de Janeiro
  12 Oct 1835, functions of regents expired with the installation of a sole regent
Names/titles: Barão de Monte Alegre (baron of Monte Alegre) [from 1841]; visconde com grandeza de Monte Alegre (viscount of Monte Alegre) [from 1843]; marquês de Monte Alegre (marquis of Monte Alegre) [from 2 Dec 1854]
Biography:

José da Costa Carvalho graduated from the University of Coimbra with degree in law (1819) and was appointed judge in São Paulo (1821-1822). He was elected deputy for Bahia to the Constitutional Assembly in 1823 and was re-elected by the same province to the first and second imperial legislature (1826-1829, 1830-1833) and served as president of the Chamber of Deputies (1828, 1830, 1830-1831). After the abdication of Emperor Pedro I, Carvalho served as regent in the Permanent Regency (1831-1835). During the regency of Diogo Antônio Feijó (1835-1837), Carvalho worked as director of the Academy of Law in São Paulo (1835-1836). In 1830s Carvalho held a number of judicial offices in São Paulo. He returned to active political life in 1839, when he was elected deputy for São Paulo to the fourth imperial legislature. In the same year he was named senator-for-life. Carvalho was elevated to the baronage in 1841 and briefly served as President of the Province of São Paulo (20 Jan 1842 - 17 Aug 1842). In 1848 he assumed the office of minister of the Empire in the Cabinet of Viscount of Olinda (1848) and succeeded him as President of the Council of Ministers (1849-1850) supervising the adoption of important laws including the Commercial Code, Land Law and a law on prohibition to import slaves from Africa. [1] [3]

Elections:

Candidate Vote (17 Jun 1831) [2]
Francisco de Lima e Silva 81
José da Costa Carvalho 75
João Bráulio Muniz 49
Pedro de Araújo Lima 35
Antônio Carlos Ribeiro de Andrada Machado e Silva 27
Marquês de Caravelas 17
Nicolau Pereira de Campos Vergueiro 6
Diogo Antônio Feijó 3

[1] "Presidentes do Senado no Império - Uma Radiografia Histórica, Genealógica, Social, Política e Diplomática do Brasil Imperial", by Carlos Eduardo Barata (Senado Federal, 1997).
[2] Dicionário do voto (2000)
[3] "A Political History of the Brazilian Regency 1831-1840", by Helen Katherine Reinhart, Thesis (University of Illinois, Urbana 1960).
Last updated on: 26 Jun 2009 02:56:46