Belgium: Polity Style: 1814-2016

15 Feb 1814 provisional government headed by Gouverneur-général de la Belgique installed under authority of the Allies (JOGB, No. 2, 2 Mar 1814, pp. 15-16; Pasinomie, 2e Série, iii, 25)
15 Feb 1814 - 16 Mar 1815 Belgique (also La Belgique) [1]
21 Jul 1814 act on transfer of sovereignty to the Sovereign Prince of the Netherlands is signed (Pasinomie, 2e Série, iii, 199-200)
1 Aug 1814 proclamation of the Sovereign Prince of the Netherlands on assumption of authority in Belgium (Pasinomie, 2e Série, iii, 205-206)
16 Mar 1815 Kingdom of the Netherlands (Koninkrijk der Nederlanden) is formed of the United Netherlands and Belgium, proclamation of 16 Mar 1815 (Nederlandse Staatscourant, No. 65, 17 Mar 1815, p. 1; JOGB, 2e Série, No. 1, 28 Mar 1815, pp. 2-6; Pasinomie, 2e Série, iv, 5)
4 Oct 1830 proclamation of independence by provisional government (confirmed by decree of the National Congress of 18 Nov 1830) (Pasinomie, 3e Série, xii, 9, 86)
4 Oct 1830 - 25 Feb 1831 Belgique (also La Belgique)
25 Feb 1831 Kingdom of Belgium (Royaume de Belgique) is formed in accordance with the Constitution of 1831 (dated 7 Feb 1831; promulgated 11 Feb 1831) taking effect by decree of the National Congress (Pasinomie, 3e Série, xii, 211, 217)
25 Feb 1831 - Royaume de Belgique [2] = (from 25 May 1898) Koninkrijk België
25 May 1898 Dutch is added as a language of official publications in accordance with the Law of 18 Apr 1898 (effective 25 May 1898) [3]
11 Nov 1991 Constituion amendment of 23 Oct 1991 (effective 11 Nov 1991) recognises German as one of the three languages in which the Constitution is written [4][5]

[1] Also in official use: Provinces de la Belgique, Provinces belges.
[2] Belgique is the only name of the state appearing in the articles of the Constitution of 1831. A reference to the kingdom is present, but not as Royaume de Belgique (originally also Royaume de la Belgique) which gradually came into official use.
[3] Loi du 18 avril 1898, relative à l'emploi de la langue flamande dans les publications officielles (Moniteur belge, N 135, 15 mai 1898, pp. 1897-1898; Pasinomie, 4e Série, xxxiii, année 1898, 81-83) becomes effective on the tenth day upon its publication as required by Loi prescrivant un nouveau mode de sanction et de publication des lois et arrêtés of 28 Feb 1845.
[4] Moniteur belge, N 216, 31 octobre 1991, p. 24464 (effective on the tenth day upon its publication as required by Loi relative à l'emploi des langues en matière législative, à la présentation, à la publication et à l'entrée en vigueur des textes légaux et réglementaires of 31 May 1961).
[5] Although German did not receive the same status as French and Dutch in promulgation of laws, the name of the polity in German (Königreich Belgien) is indirectly given official recognition.
Last updated on: 21 Nov 2013 10:11:07